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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 SARS SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME Serious form of pneumonia that causes severe breathing difficulty and effects the respiratory system SARS began in small mammals in China and affects humans at any age. Diagnosis is very rare in young people but common in people over the age of 65. The largest death rate caused by SARS is also on those of 65 years in age or older. Symptoms Symptoms Hallmark Symptoms - cough- difficulty breathing - fever greater than 100.4 degrees F (38.0 degrees C), other breathing symptoms.Most Common Symptoms - chills and shaking - cough: usually starts 2-3 days after other symptoms, fever, headache, muscle aches.Less Common Symptoms - cough producing phlegm (sputum)- diarrhea- dizziness- nausea and vomiting- runny nose- sore throat In some people, lung symptoms can get worse during the second week and after fever has stopped. Treatments Treatments Kept isolated in the hospital- To reduce swelling of the lungs, high does of steroids- oxygen, chest therapy, and breathing support- Antibiotics to fight off the bacteria that causes pneumonia- Antiviral medications that is unknown how well they work- Some use of transfusing the liquid part of recovered patients into infected patients There isnt any evidence that the treatments work however there is evidence that the antiviral medications do not work. SARS is spread by sneezing or coughing. If the fluids of the cough or sneeze are ingested by another person they can become infected. The virus can live up to 6 hours on surfaces and 4 days in the stool of people. - Death rate was 9-12% of diagnosed- In people over the age of 65, death rate over 50%- less common in younger people- Most infected need breathing assistance or intensive care In most countries health care providers have controlled the disease but some countries still need to be careful because coronavirus family viruses can mutate and become harder to control. Prognosis Prognosis double click to change this title text! Interesting Fact Interesting Fact In 2003, Dr. Carlo Urbani a World HealthOrganization physician discovered SARS as a new disease. A 48-year-old businessman was first diagnosed after travelling from Guangdong in China, through Hong Kong, to Hanoi, Vietnam. Both the doctor and who he first diagnosed died from SARS.
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