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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Roman Politics Roman politics can be looselycompared to the American Governmentwe have today. There are some similarities,and this poster will tell you about them. Let's talk about the Executive Branch.This branch consisted of electedcivil officers, or magistrates. Eachhad their own role in this branch.They were elected by the Senate,with the exception of the censors.For example, the Aediles were in chargeof entertainment and food, mostly grain.The dictator was only elected in times of war,and their work only lasted for 6 months. Not much is known about this branch, otherthan the fact is was very similar to the courts we have today, that judge criminals. They were in charge of deciding the punishments for criminals, and they made certain laws thatpeople had to follow. They had six judges, which were electedevery 6 years, and made laws that were named the "Twelve Tables". The last branch we will talk aboutis the Legislative branch, or the Senate.It has survived most of Rome's problems,but had less power than the magistrates.The Senate has more than 300 people, andthey made most of the common laws in Rome.They can be compared loosely to the governments today.For more info, go to The Romans elected for the magistrates, most notably the Consuls. An example of this is Caesar, who was elected because of the sheer amount of supporters he had. The other magistrates were elected, and so were some of the judges from theJudicial Branch. Consuls were elected by other people, but not slaves,women or foreigners. The censors elected some of the people in thegovernment, including the people in the senate. Before the branches, there wereemperors. They were the rulers of Rome, up until the downfallof Rome. They were the leaders of a state, and was the highestranking position of any of the officials. They got variousrights, including the decision of some ofsome things the Senate would say. They could enactpunishment on people, or revoke punishment that wereput on people. The 3 Branches During the 1st century of Rome, citizenship was highly priced, but in AD 212,citizenship was grantedto all the free men in the empire. To an extent, women, and an even further extent, slaves. Anybody with citizenship had special privileges, which includedfair trials, exemption from execution, protection from specific public punishments.Slaves got protection from the law. The Legislative assemblies of Rome were political institutions. They got the choice of whether or not to elect a magistrate, carry out punishments, the creation and dissolutions of allies and the declaration of war and peace.There were 3 assemblies and 1 council, not including the Senate. The Assembly of the Curia, the Assembly of the Tribes and the Assembly of the Centuries. The council was known as the Plebian Council. We aren't going to go into too much detailon the assemblies, but some information isthat the Assembly of the Curia is the oldestout of the three, the Assembly of theCenturies was the military unit assembly,and that the Assembly of the Tribes wasmade up of 35 separate tribes.<---- Plebian Council To conclude, the Roman Governmentcan be loosely compared to the government we havetoady. The closes comparison can be the Judicial and the Executive Branch.The Judicial branch can be compared to law nowadays, with judgeslaws, trials, and deciding punishments. The Executive Branch has thedifferent roles of todays government, making more of the decisions, eventhough todays government doesn't have an entertainment role.One of the biggest comparisons is that they both have a Legislative andExecutive Branch, as well as that Roman consuls only served for 1 year, whilepresidents are required to serve for 4 years. Another difference is thatnow women can participate in politics, while in Rome and many other ancient governments, women couldnot participate.In short, most of the politics from Rome influenced our governments today,even though there are some differences. I hope you learned something fromthis, thank you for reading. Elections, Emperors, Citizenship and Comparisons The Assemblies
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