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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 double click to change this header text! by Jae Yun Lee H.E.I H.E.I H.E.I *H.E.I - Human EnvironmentInteractions Aztec Pre-Columbian Civilizations of Latin America Inca Peak: 1300 A.D Peak: 250 A.D Peak: 1400s (A.D) Time Period: Early 1200 to13th of August, 1521 A.D Time Period: 1800to 900 B.C Time Period: Early 1400to 1525 A.D Location In the Andes Mountainsregion. Alongside the westernedge of South America. Location Middle America in thearea of Yuctan Peninsula.Countries that the Mayanscurrently took over wereGuatemala and Belize. Location In the Andes Mountainsregion. Alongside thewestern edge of thecontinent. = Maya = Inca Maya = Aztec Major/Ancient City Major/Ancient City Tenochtitlán El Mirador Major/Ancient City Cuzco Literature/Arts/Academics Religion Religion - Polytheistic.- More than 160 gods.- Pyramids.- Human Sacrifice- Cenotes, wherepeople would putsacrificed bodies into. - Polytheistic. Quetzalcoatlconsidered as main god.- Believe that gods hadcreated the world multipletimes.- The Avenue of Death.(Teotihuacan)- Many human sacrifices.- Pyramids (ceremonial) Religion Government - One ruler.- Government mostlyderived from past cultures.- Tlatoani had full control.(emperor)- Emperor treated as god. Social Classes _ - The ruler, a.k.a Tlatoanicontrolled everyone. Priestsalso chose who was going tobe king next. Thenwere the city councils, andlower classes like farmers. Reason of Decline QUETZALCOATL - Gold ornaments. - Learned to build pyramidsfrom the Mayans. - Cotton clothing; tilmati/tilma.(triangular cloth) - Sun temple, Moon temple. The Aztecs had the floatingislands, also known as "thefloating gardens", in order toplant crops. Foods: Maize (corn),beans, squash, and evenchocolate drinks with cocoa beans! The "FloatingGardens"Picture. - Polytheistic.- Sun God, Inti.- Inca's name means"children of the sun".- Gold is considered as"the sweat of the sun". Government - Kings or Leadersin each city-state.(or god)Basically, organizedby city-states. Literature/Arts/Academics Social Classes Carving, weaving,featherworking, ceramicsand painting, Cenote Maya Park Leaders and Priestshad the highest rank outof everyone. Next were thescribes, painters, andsculptors, who were alsohighly respected.Others were farmers(common), merchants,and other lower classes. El Castillo, centerof Chichen Itza. Many Mayans were farmers.There were large farming areas.The food that was producedwere maize (corn), beans, andsquash. Fruit trees were alsoavailable. Government - There were allyu(s) in eachvillage who took chargeof carrying out governmentorders. allyu = basicallyvillage leader/representative.- Emperor did have fullcontrol over everyone. Literature/Arts/Academics - Traditional clothing andcrafts.- Machu Picchu, consideredas "art".- Another "art": Intihuatana,the astronomic clock/calenderof the Inca. Social Classes Emperor had fullcontrol over every-one. Sapa Inca(emperor) choseeach and everyperson's job,told them what to do. Machu Picchu in Peru (on the map) (on the map) (on the map) Reason of Decline Channeled water with aqueducts,made terraces in the AndesMountains, grew maize (corn),beans, squash, cotton, andcultivated potatoes. (OVER700 VARIETIES!) Aqueduct. Reason of Decline Francisco Pizarro wasthe cause of the decline.After emperor Huayna'sdeath, civil war broke outand the Spanish came atthe right time to crush theempire. Unknown, major citieswere abandoned afterthe Spanish came in.Still remains as amystery today. Pizarro The reason ofdecline was byHernán Cortés,a Spanishconquistador.
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