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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 United States 14% 20% 16% north west north east south east west coast represented Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) Diagnosis Description Treatments Prevention Transmission/ Causes Occurence Clincal Manifestation - abnormal genes- Autosomal dominant & autosomal recessive of the disorder- runs in family - rarely caused by mutations on gene- children & adults can develop disease - ADPKD s&s can occur in adults between 30 and 40 - only 1 parent needs to have it for it to be inherited by the child- ADPKD accounts for 90% of cases of PKD- ARPKD is less common- 50% pts with ADPKD have ESRD by 60 yrs. - inherited disorder- cysts, round sacs containing water-like fluids accumulate in the kidneys in clusters- cysts can retain fluid and grow- cysts can spread and develop elsewhere in body - an inherited disorder in which clusters of cysts develop primarily within your kidneys. Cysts are noncancerous round sacs containing water-like fluid. The cysts vary in size and, as they accumulate more fluid, they can grow very large - no cure- research and enforcement of health science can slow kidney disease - dialysis - kidney transplant - genetic counselor about having kids- manage blood pressure - low sodium diet - do not smoke - exercise - control blood pressure- research to slow rate of kidney disease - renal diet: limits on phosphorus, protein, potassium, sodium- exercise - surgery to drain cysts of fluid - necessary antibiotics during infections - back or side pain- hematuria - hypertension - increase abdominal size - heart fluttering - Ultrasound- CT Scan - MRI - gene linkage analysis exams other family members Cures Ryan VergaraDiagnostics 4/6
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