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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 POLITICAL BOSS DIVISION CAPTAINS Established relationships with the public by offering services such as jobs,legal aid, and basic necessities. PARTY LOYALISTS In return, they contributedby giving 10% of their salary to the machine, participated inparty work during elections,and persuaded neighborsand friends to vote for the machine. Political machines often accepted payments fromcriminal enterprises in exchange for protection from police interference with their activities. Machine Politics HOW IT WORKS: Political leader who governed and ruledthe machine. Political Boss - Division Captains - Party Loyalists - A professional politician that controls his orher political machine. Political bosses first appeared in the U.S. in the early 1800s, when immigrants with little understanding of politics entered the U.S. With help from Division Captains, it was easy to persuadethese people into voting for the machine in return for a variety of services. These people worked hard to keepthe machine successful. Each captain was responsible for establishing relationships with hundreds of families, offering them services in return for their votes. Those who accepted services from the division captains were expected to help the machine by returning partial salary to their political boss, aid in persuasion of others to vote for the machine, and to participate in party work during election campaigns. Opposing Viewpoints CRITICS DEFENDERS CorruptUnfair Provides essentials to citizens when CityGovernment cannot When Irish and German immigrants streamed into Manhattan in the 1860s, William Marcy Tweed built an organization of building contractors and democratic party officials. These people, known as the Tweed Ring, used his allies in statelegislature to allow NYC to control its own budget. His support of labor unions and the Catholic Church allowed Tweed to gain support from the largest foreign-born group in the city - the Irish. He used this support to embark on a massive campaign of publicworks to modernize the city. Political Machine: A Real-World Example
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