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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Polio STATISTICS Once common in the U.S. with over 35,000 caseson average reported during the 1940's to the 1950'sbefore the IPV decreased the number of infections to under 2,500 cases in 1957. Then thatnumber decreased to 61 cases in 1965. What is it ? Cause & Cure Polio also known as poliomyelitisis a highly infectious viral diseasethat mainly effects children under 5and those with poor immune systems. The poliovirus is transmitted via the fecal oral route. This mode of transmission is more common in poor communities with low levels of sanitation. It is uncommonly transmitted through the intestines. It is spread by contact from person to person and the virus effects the nervous system. Early symptoms of polio include; fever,fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness in the neck and pain in the limbs. In severe cases, polio can possibly lead to paralysis and in more rare cases death. There are two forms of prevention from polio.The Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) and the Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV). Jonas Salk developed the IPV in 1952, and the vaccine was able for use in 1955. The IPV helped to decrease the number of infections. Later on the OPV was developed, it is an attenuated virus that is known to provide longer lasting immunity than the IPV. However, the OPV has been known to cause paralysis in rare cases and is less recommended by the CDC in contrast to Salk's vaccine which has less risks. double click to change this header text! Diagnosis Polio is diagnosed through the collection of a sampleof throat secretions,stool, spinal fluid, and observing colorless fluidaround the brain spinalcord that identifies the poliovirus. The last documented case of naturally occurring polio in the U.S.was in 1979 when there was a break out of the diseasein an Amish community in the Midwest. Today polio is considered by the CDC to be eliminated. Brianna Amaro . 3
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