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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 your artboard start from scratch[clears the canvas] PNEUMONIA an infection in one or both of the lungs 3 major types BACTERIAL MYCOPLASMA Causes: bacteria Symptoms: productive cough, pain in the chest, vomiting or diarrhea, decrease in appetite, fatigue Causes: mycoplasmas Symptoms: does NOT begin with a cold, first: fever & cough develop (cough may last 3 to 4 weeks), severe cough that may produce some mucus & & VIRAL VIRAL Causes: viruses (ie. influenza, RSV, syncytial) Symptoms: early symptoms same as bacterial pneumonia; wheezing and cough may worsen mostly other less common types may be caused by the inhaling of food,liquid, gases or dust, or by fungi BACTERIAL What are the risk factors? Additionally, all share these symptoms: fever, chest or stomach pain, decrease in appetite, chills, breathing fast or hard, vomiting, headache, fussiness, rapid heart and breathing rate, dusky or purplish skin color Age, certain diseases (ie. HIV, AIDS,Heart Disease, Emphysema & other lung diseases), Smoking, having a Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease(COPD) and using inhaled corticosteroids for more than 24 weeks, exposure to certain chemicals or pollutants Diagnostic Tests: Physical Exams (listens toyour lungs), Chest X-Rays, Blood & Mucus Tests Medications: Most often, antibiotics tokill the bacteria, but alsoantivirais, fever reducers,and cough medicine Are people hospitalized? It is only necessary when...-you are older than 65-your become confused-your breathing is rapid-your blood pressure drops-you need breathing assistanceincluding oxygen or respiratory therapy Most people do not need surgery but in severe casesthoracotomy, lobectomy, and chest tubes are done. Prognosis? Between 5 & 10 million people get pneumonia in the US each year - more than 1 million are hospitalizedMost people respond well to treatment but 40,000-70,000 people die each yearMen are 30% more likely to die from Pneumonia than womenPneumonia is the 4th most frequent cause of hospitilizations Victoria Costello
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