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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 PHOTOSYNTHESIS A process that captures energyfrom sunlight tomake sugarsthat storechemical energy. Disruption of Water Cycles THE CHLOROPLAST The energy for almost all organisms begins as sunlight. Sunlight has several types of radiant energy, such as ultraviolet radiation,microwaves, and the visible light that lets you see.Plants absorb visible light for photosynthesis. STAGE 1 CHLOROPHYLLA molecule in chloropasts that absorbs some of the energy invisible light. Plants have two types of chemicals: a and b. Together, they mostly absorb red and blue wavelengths of visible light. STAGE 2 1.Energy from sunlight is absorbed. Water molecules are broken downand oxygen is released. 3.Carbon dioxidemolecules areused to buildsugars. 4.Six carbon samplesugars are produced.The sugars areoften used to buildstarches and cellulose. Also...Energy carrying molecules includingATP, transfer LIGHT DEPENDENT & INDEPENDENT REACTIONS LIGHT DEPENDENT REACTIONS Chlorophyll gets hit by the photon and the electron absorbs that energy. When electron gets energy and has no place to put it, it is called photoexcitation. The most important part is converting that energy from electrons in to something,the plant can use. Electron transport chain is turning energy in to useful material. 2.Energy is released. Process PSII takes place Cytochrome processalso takes place. LIGHT INDEPENDENT OR DARK REACTIONS ALSO CALLED STAGE II AND CALVIN CYCLE It begins in stroma ofhloroplasts and use energy from the light dependentreactions to makesugars. Carbon dioxide molecules(Co2) are neededduring the stageof photosynthesis. The Regeneration is the last phase. Photosynthesis Light Dependent Light Independent PSII and PSI ETC and Produce ATP Split Water H2O Oz Produces +H+ + NADP+ Calvin CycleProduces C6H2O6 (glucose) The second phase isreduction, which transfersglyceraldehyde 3-phosphatein to glucose (as an example). 6 CO2 + 6 H2O 6(CH2O) + 6 O2 Photosynthesis transfers electrons from water to energy-poor CO2 molecules, forming energy-rich sugar molecules. This electron transfer is an example of an oxidation-reduction process: the water is oxidized (loses electrons) and the CO2 is reduced (gains electrons). Photosynthesis uses light energy to drive the electrons from water to their more energetic states in the sugar products, thus converting solar energy into chemical energy.
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