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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Polycystic Ovarien Syndrome By: Jenna Causes Symtoms Diagnosis Living with PCOS Most of the time, PCOS is diagnosed in women in their 20s or 30s. However, it may also affect teenage girls. The symptoms often begin when a girl's periods start. Women with this disorder often have a mother or sister who has similar symptoms."What to Expect From Prenatal Genetic Testing | HealthyWomen." What to Expect From Prenatal Genetic Testing | HealthyWomen. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2015. Irregular periods. This is the most common characteristic. Examples include menstrual intervals longer than 35 days; fewer than eight menstrual cycles a year; failure to menstruate for four months or longer; and prolonged periods that may be scant or heavy.Excess androgen. Elevated levels of male hormones (androgens) may result in physical signs,such as excess facial and body hair (hirsutism), adult acne or severe adolescent acne, and male-pattern baldness (androgenic alopecia).Polycystic ovaries. Polycystic ovaries become enlarged and contain numerous small fluid-filled sacs which surround the eggs."Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)." Symptoms. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2015. Your doctor or nurse will perform a physical exam. This will include a pelvic exam. The exam may show: Swollen ovaries Swollen clitoris (very rare) The following health conditions are common in women with PCOS: Diabetes High blood pressure High cholesterol Weight gain and obesity Your doctor or nurse will check your weight and body mass index (BMI) and measure your belly size. Blood testscan be done to check hormone levels. These tests may include: Estrogen level FSH level LH level Male hormone (testosterone) level 17-ketosteroidsOther blood tests that may be done include: Fasting glucose (blood sugar) and other tests for glucose intolerance and insulin resistance Lipid level Pregnancy test (serum HCG) Prolactin level Thyroid function tests Your doctor may also order the following imaging test or surgeries to look at your ovaries: Vaginal ultrasound Pelvic laparoscopy"Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2015. Choose high-quality carbs versus low-quality carbs. High-quality carbs vegetables, fruits, beans, and whole grains are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and other healthful nutrients. Poor-quality carbs can trigger unhealthy spikes in blood sugar, so youll want to dramatically limit your intake of these foods. Poor-quality carbs include: sugary foods (soda and sweetened drinks, fruit juice, candy, cookies and baked goods, sugary cereals, and added sugar in coffee, etc.); white bread, pasta, and crackers; and anything else made from white refined flourThe youngest was 18, two were in their 20s and seven in their 30s, the oldest being 39. This reflects the situation that people are waiting until later to start their families and when they want to become pregnant find that they have a problem. The 18 year-old was a student, but everyone else was in full-time work, often in busy,stressful jobs like teaching.."Food Cures for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)." N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2015. Current Research What is understood is that PCOS is an inherited disease. Sisters and daughters of women with PCOS are at high risks themselves of developing PCOS. In addition, both female and male relatives have an increased risk of getting diabetes and heart disease. The name polycystic ovary syndrome is derived from the cystic appearance of the ovaries of affected women. Also referred to as the Stein-Leventhal syndrome, Polycystic is a term that simply means "many cysts." The polycystic ovary typically contains many small - usually less than 1 centimeter - cysts (fluid-filled sacs). These cysts are usually arranged around the surface or just below the surface layer of the ovary. When examined directly or by ultrasound, these small cysts commonly are said to have a string-of-pearls appearance. The ovaries of affected women can be slightlyenlarged when compared to unaffected ovaries. Each of these small cysts represents a follicle, which contains a single egg that is attempting to develop to a stage where it will be ready to be released from the ovary (a process known as ovulation). However, because of the complex biochemical situation that exists in ovaries with PCOS, the development of these follicles stops too soon, resulting in a collection of small follicles and the lack of ovulation. This lack of ovulation is the reason why women with PCOS commonly have difficulty becoming pregnant."Polycystic Ovary Syndrome - Cedars-Sinai." Polycystic Ovary Syndrome - Cedars-Sinai. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2015. Pictures of PCOS
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