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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 The Arianism Schism - Late 3rd/Early 4th Century- A priest named Arius- Denied divinity of Christ- Taught that Jesus didn't always exist but was created by the Father- Main Teaching: Jesus is not equal to the Father, rather inferior and subordinate- Arianism has many offshoots and forms- Challenged the idea of the Blessed Trinity and the coequality and coeternity of the Father and Son - Called an Ecumenical Council- Resulted in formal definition of the true divinity of Christ and his equality with the Father- Condemned the central teaching of Arianism- Clarified that the Father and Son were distinct persons but describing their divine nature using homoousis (of the same being) AD 325First Ecumenical Council of Nicæa Early Church Heresies Early 5th Century - Doctrinal debate over Christology (the theology of Christ)- Blessed Virgin Mary was called Theotokos ("God-bearer"), Mother of God The Nestorian Schism - Bishop Nestorious-Objected Mary as Theotokos- Accepted that Mary was Christ's humanly mother, not divine mother- Suggested Mary to be Christokos ("Christ-Bearer" or "Mother of Christ" AD 431Ecumenical Council of Ephesus - Declared Mary as Theotokos- Mother of both the human and divine natures- Did not exist before Trinity- Did not give birth the God, just Christ The Monophysite Schism - Claimed that Jesus only had a divine nature- Divine absorbed human nature- Had their own council; Confirmed their teachings in 449 AD- Pope rejected this council AD 451Council of Chalcedon - Rejected Monophysitism-Declared Christ has two natures- United in a hypostatic unionDivine nature comes together with human nature By: Nick Souza
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