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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 NEW WORLD VS. OCEANIA What's Achievement Management? What's Achievement Management? BUSINESS GOALS EVERYBODY has clear targets, aligned to business goals EVERYBODY has clear targets, aligned to business goals. ACHIEVEMENT PLAN What's that? ... each with 1-3 measurable targets Handle incoming phone-calls * Nobody waits longer than 30 secs * Boss always returns important calls same day E.g. Handle incoming phone-calls How do we use it? Identifying / removing barriers to achievement -> Also used for: double click to changethis text! Drag a cornerto scale proportionally. double click to change this header text! LIMITATIONS POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT HOW DID THEY COMPARE? *Oceania, also known as Oceanica,is a region centered on the islands ofthe tropical Pacific Ocean. They were inhabited by Aboriginals, Polynesians, Astronesians, and Micronesians Similarities Differences *The Americas, also known as the New World, were the combined continental landmasses of North America and South America. They were inhabited byindigenous peoples such as the Aztecs, Incas, Mayans, and Toltecs *Both the New World and Oceaniaconsisted of civilizations that possessed forms of hierarchical political organization in their societies. It was usually based on kinship, and formal leadership was monopolized by the senior members of select families.Prime examples of such a political structure could be found in the societies of the Aztecs and the Polynesians. For the Aztecs, their overlooking kin groups were known as "calpulli." For the Polynesianshowever, their kin groups were known as "chiefdoms." ECONOMICDEVELOPMENT *Although both the New World and Oceania possessed similar hierarchical political organizations,they differed in the way that they functioned overall. This key difference is easily noticeable in a comparison of the Incas and Maori. For the Incas, their empire performed under a centralized monarchy. But this was not the case for the Maori; centralization was difficult due to geographical barriers and they relied on various chiefs to rule instead. FUN FACT It was estimated that roughly 20,000 people were ritually sacrificed by the Aztecs every year.The people who were sacrificed wereoften eaten, as part of the sacrificial ritual. BACKGROUND HISTORY HOW DID THEY DEVELOP POLITICALLY? HOW DID THEY DEVELOP ECONOMICALLY? NEW WORLD OCEANIA *Created complex agricultural societies BOTH *Inhabitants of the Americassuch as Toltecs, cultivated crops like beans and cornbut did not keep as many domesticated animals as societies in Oceania did *Trade was interregional and only on land (e.x. Toltecs with natives of America) *Inhabitants of Oceaniasuch as the Austronesians cultivated yams, taro, breadfruit, and bananas; domesticated and herded animals such as pigs and chickens *Possessed sophisticated maritime technology as well; canoes enabled them to sail safelythrough large distances of open sea to trade with other islands DID YOU KNOW?: QUICK QUIZ Which civilization possessed a centralized monarchy? A. Incas C. Polynesia B. Maori D. New Zealand ANSWER: A. INCAS WHAT LIMITATIONS DID THEY LIVE UNDER? Similarities Differences *Both the New World and Oceania developed in isolation; this led to key technologies such as the wheel, iron working, and a complex written language to be missing from their culture.Ultimately, this slowed the advancement of both areas and made centralization much more difficult. *Both Oceania and the New Worldalso never developed an effective immunity against foreign diseases, causing a massive loss in population when European explorers arrived. *One difference between the isolation of the two areas however, is that while Oceania's individual civilizations' amount of contact was limited to just each respective region, civilizations in the Americas, such as the Aztecs, had long distance traveling messengers that would allow for contact to be widespread. This allowed for civilizations in Oceania to differ from one another culturally while cultures in the Americas developed similarly. Devon Nguyen SegerdahlBlock A3 21 November 2014
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