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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 New World and Oceania PoliticalDevelopments Americas became large, centralized empiresled by monarchs.Oceania groups wereled by ruling chiefs,who also served as middlemen. Differences Limitations Isolation lack of technology (ex. the wheel) lacked domestication of animals Joanna Klansek and Emily McCarty A3 Similarities Both had trade networkswith the neighboringregions and werehierarchical societies. Differences Similarities Both began ashunter-gatherer groups,which led to strongagricultural societies. In Oceania, theykept tohunter-gathererstyles, but in the Americas, people organizedlabor systemsand trade centers. Differences Examples Political Similarity: New Guinea and Toltec both had strong trade networks. Political Difference: Aztecs and New Guinea - Aztecs became an empire, and New Guinea was ruled by chiefs. Economic Similarity: New Zealand andIncas both began as hunter-gatherer societies. Economic Difference: New Zealand and Aztecs -New Zealand stayed as a hunter-gatherersociety and the Aztecs developed into an empire. 1450-1750 Both societieslacked writing systems. Red - sweet potatoGreen - cocoaYellow - coffeeBlue - sugar cane Food in the Americas Blue - sugar caneGrey - tobaccoGreen - peanutsYellow - corn In both societies, the limitation of isolationimpacted them by leading them to haveno written language. The second limitationboth had was no domestication of animals, whichled both societies to rely on hunting and gathering. The Americas didnot have a worldreligion, but Oceania had a strong polytheisticreligion that still exists there today.The lack of Americanreligion allowed the area to be greatlyinfluenced by explorers. Economic Development Food in Oceania Another limitation differenceis that Oceania was located onislands, whereas the Americaswere on two continents: North America and South America.
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