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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Family & Consumer Science History Sources:, J. G. & Kato, S.L. (2015). Foundations of family and consumer sciences: Careers serving individuals, families, and communities. Tinley Park, IL: The Goodheart-Wilcox Company. Catherine Beecher - Early 1800sWorks to ensure women are educated Ellen Swallow Richards - Late 1800s1st woman graduate of M.I.T.Head of women's laboratory1st woman instructor - Dept. of Sanitary Chemistry Education - the key to everything - women were being short-changed. Morrill Land-Grant Act - 1862Higher education available for the "common individual" Rumford Kitchen Design for Chicago 1893Lake Placid Conferences - Home Economics movement 1899American Association of Home Economics formed 1908 Growth of a Discipline Smith-Lever Act - 1914 Higher education establishment of Agricultural Experiment Stations (agriculture, home economics, and rural communities) The Progressive Era 1909-1920 Smith-Hughes Act - 1917 Federal funds to support vocational education. Home economics courses received federal funding when included in high school curriculum 1920's - 1930's Economic prosperity - United States citizens became consumers rather than producers of their own goods, thus opening a new field of consumer education. Temporary Emergency Relief Administration supported home economists in their work to educate impoverished families about basic nutrition and clothing maintenance using scarce resources. 1940's - 1950's Families learned to live on few resources. Home economists built a reputation for educating citizensbased on scientific research. Societal trends toward traditional masculine and feminine roles. Home economics profession offered courses in stereotypical homemaking skills. Male participation dropped dramatically 1960's - 1970's Conservatism of the1950's was questioned. Civil Rights movement made advances.American Home Economics Association AHEA lifted restrictions on African American members. Home Economics began to change to meet the needs of society, offering areas of specialization such as apparel design, consumer economics, merchandising, dietetics and nutrition, child development, family studies, and interior design. 1980's - 1990's Home Economics department in college drew record numbers in fashion-merchandising and hospitality management programs. Certification of Home Economists - 1985. Scottsdale Conference - 1993. Name change to Family & Consumer Sciences - 1994 The mission of the School of Family and Consumer Sciences is to prepare students to empower individuals, strengthen families, and enable communities within the global environment through an integrated focus on individual and family development, nutrition and health, consumer studies, merchandising, apparel and textile design, and hospitality management. Today So what does family and consumer sciences have to do with life today? Families and communities still exist,and the desire to live a quality life by providing for the basic needs of food, clothing, and shelter is as relevanttoday as it was 100 years ago. From designing accessible housing for an aging population to helping youthcomplete their high school education, all areas of specialization within family and consumer sciences arecalled upon to help individuals, families, and communities adjust to a changing environment (Elias & Kato, 2015, p.21).