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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Multiple Myeloma AKA: Kahler Disease, Myelomalosis, and Plasma Cell Myeloma Multiple Myeloma is a cancer that starts in the plasma cells (a type of WBC) in the bone marrow. The cancer produces abnormal proteins and can cause abnormalities throughout the body. Statistics: Causes and Symptoms: ***Causes are mainly unknown.1) Overweight/obesity increase the risk.2) Genetics 3) Exposure to herbicides, insecticides, benzene, hair dyes, and radiation have been suggested as risk factors (not fully proven).Symptoms:-Bone pain (especially in the spine/chest) -Nausea-Constipation -Loss of appetite -Mental fogginess/confusion -Fatigue -Frequent infections -Weight loss -Weakness/numbness in the legs -Excessive thirst Treatment and Prognosis: 1) In the U.S there is .7% (1 in 43) chance of getting this cancer. 2) In 2014 there has been about 11,090 deaths. 4) The chances of getting this cancer is more common among men. 5) It is more than 2 times more common in African Americans than in Whites for an unknown reason. 6)The risk of getting the disease increases with age; most people diagnosed with this cancer are least 65 years old, the chance of being diagnosed with it under 35 years old is 1%. Multiple Myeloma can be treated by chemotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and vaccine therapy. The prognosis for this cancer is that most people tend to live a well 3-4 years after diagnosis (general overview). There are some chances that survival is longer if a successful stem transplant occurs; this could result in complete remission/recovery. However, if treatments do not go well there may be more life threatening complications. New medicines have been introduced which show a more promising future for people with Multiple Myeloma.
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