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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 International Criminal Court (ICC) -World's first permanent, international judicial body -The Rome Statute contains every due process protection in the U.S. Constitution except jury trial and the death penalty -Has the authority to investigate and prosecute genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes when national authorities are unable or unwilling to do so-Since the adoption of the Rome Statute, 114 countries of the world have ratified it. Universal Jurisdiction - principle that every country has an interest in bringing to justice the perpetrators of grave crimes, no matter where the crime, and regardless of the nationality of the perpetrators or their victims.-more than 125 countries have enacted universal jurisdiction laws-rooted in the belief that certain crimes are so serious that they amount to an offense against the whole of humanity Iran: The Last Child Executioner-it has executed more child offenders then any other country since 1990-Many child offenders are kept imprisoned until they are 18 -It is violating treaties, customary international law, and peremptory norms Internationalized Tribunals -courts established to try individuals accused of crimes recognized under international humanitarian law as committed in a specific place at a particular time- the first were established by the Allies at the end of World War II to prosecute leading military and political leaders-in response to Rwanda and Yugoslavia the U.N. established ad hoc international tribunals INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE Fact-Finding Commissions - document human rights abuses, provide victims with a forum in which to speak out about the crimes committed against them and help foster a climate of national reconciliation.-do not normally determine individual criminal accountability, subpoena witnesses or order criminal sanctions-have been established in more than 30 countries
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