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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Past Effects of malaria on Africa then and now. Loss of territories - productive land,industries and raw resources Present Malaria Malaria is a blood parasite transmitted from person to person by infected mosquito (preventable and curable). It is caused by 4 different bacterial parasites: plasmodium falciparum, plasmodium vivax, plasmodium malariae and plasmodium ovale. Plasmodium falciparum is the most deadly. Malaria Cases Africa (85%) World (15%) Malaria Deaths Africa (90%) World (10%) Africa (90%) World (10%) Malaria Deaths Malaria Deaths in Children(under 5) Children under 5 (85%) Adults (15%) Malaria has been around for more than 4,000 years. The parasite for Malaria was discovered in 1880 by Charles Louis and Alphonse Laveran. In 2700 B.C. ancient Chinese described symptoms that became widely recognized in Greece and were responsible for the vast decrease in population. Scientist ,in 1971, from China possessed a medical treatment that was a plant called Artemisia Annua. However they isolated this treatment from the world. Indian tribes also had a treatment theory called Peruvian bark. Today Malaria effects over 100 countries. 45 of those 100 effected countries are African countries. African countries, in 2014, lost over $12 billion dollars in productivity. These places are trying to reduce the risk of Malaria. To do this they use 2 forms of vector, insecticide-treated mosquito nets and indoor spraying with residual insecticides, and advising their citizens to avoid mosquito bites as best as possible. About 627,000 people die every year of Malaria. The devastating thing about thisis that Malaria is 100% curable and preventable. Travelers who go to Africa from other countries are advised to get vaccinated today. People try so hard to avoid Malaria. In 2014, Gambia was awarded African Leader Malaria Alliance Award. It is easy to see that Malaria has effected Africa for a very long time. Plasmodium Falciparum Plasmodium Malariae PlasmodiumOvale PlasmodiumVivax Sources:
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