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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 SLAVES COMMONERS NOBLES PRIESTS KINGS 7000-5000 BCEDomestication of Maize 1500-1200 BCEOlmecs build San Lorenzo 199CEThe first piece of writing, The Hauberg Stela is created 300CE-650CEMayan temples, pyramids,and ballcourts are builtin cities. 150CEPyramid of the Sun is erected 850CE-950CEMayan cities are abandoned located in present day Mexico and Guatemala. 300BCE-100ADCeremonial and living centersare made in Tikal and Uaxactun in northern Guatamala 800 BCEFirst Mayan civilizations arebuilt 900BCESan Lorenzo is destroyed Persia -NEVER POLITICALLY UNIFIED-DECENTRALIZED-FELL BECAUSE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGGRADATION -POLYTHEISTIC-MISTREATED THE ENVIRONMENT -ADVANCED TRADING SYSTEMS-BOTH HAD A BUREAUCRACY-BOTH A THEOCRACY Maya -BETTER INFRASTRUCTURE-POLITICALLY UNIFIED -CENTRALIZED -FELL B/C INSIDE REBELLIONS & EXTERNAL INVADERS-ZOROASTRIANISM-EARLIEST COIN SYSTEM = 700CE-900CEA decline in Mayan cities most likely caused by envirenmental degrigation. DIVINERULER/GOD The king was thought to be a god and all powerful. They bowed to his will, including sacrifices, military, and judiciary decisions. Theories of the Collapse of the Mayan Civilization Legal System Classical Pre-Classical Post-Classical The Olmec began as nomadic farmers.Then the domesticationof crops allowed cities tobe built and as populationbegan to increase,cities moved inland. A formal calender and a writing system was invented. Architectural achievements: corbelled arching, pyramids, and palaces. Population density increased and worship of a king that was thought to be a god began Populations dispersed back intothe rural areas because of environmental degradation. Theyno longer lived in large groups controlled by a king. Law Punishent Do not murderDo not kill an animal for no reason Do not commit adulteryDo not steal Put to death by relative Put to death Public humiliation/death Slavery until debt is paid off HUMAN SACRIFICE Human sacrifice was popular among the Mayans becausethey believed it wouldkeep the Gods happy and in return they wouldget help with everydayactivities (farming,good weather, etc.) The Mayans tradedbetween major citiesas early as 1000 B.C. Obsidian trade was one of the most important trading substances within this civilization.The coast on all three sides of their property helped with the transportation of the goods. MILITARY -Powerful cities likeTikal, Calakmul and Caracol frequently warredupon one anotheror upon smaller cities. -had large, well-trained armies available for attack and defense. State military leader = NACOM CLASSICAL MAYAN EMPIRE (800 BCE-950 CE) TRADE ROUTES
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