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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Mandela's approach to fight against apartheid was initially non violent with methods such as boycotts and protests being employed. However, after realising that the non violent approach had little to no effect Mandela changed his strategy to a violent one. One of Mandela's first non violent protests against apartheid was his promotion of the freedom charter.Mandela helped lead the ANCs 1952 Campaign for the Defiance of Unjust Laws, travelling across the country to organise protests against discriminatory policies, and promoted the the Freedom Charter. However after the massacre of coloured South Africans in 1960 coupled with the banning of the ANC , Mandela changed his approach from non violent protests to acts of sabotage against the South African regime of apartheid. From here it was considered by many that Mandela went underground. Mandela become known as the Black Pimpernel and became the founder of the "spear of Nation"(Umkhonto we Sizwe), the military wing of the ANC.Reasons for his radical approach to fighting apartheid was given when he said,"[I]t would be wrong and unrealistic for African leaders to continue preaching peace and nonviolence at a time when the government met our peaceful demands with force. It was only when all else had failed, when all channels of peaceful protest had been barred to us, that the decision was made to embark on violent forms of political struggle."[2] It was because of his militaristic views on fighting apartheid and him leaving the country illegally to train in guerrilla style fighting which caused his incarceration As a result of his incarceration,1980 Oliver Tambo introduced a Free Nelson Mandela campaign that made mandela well known. His incarceration became "a cause célebre " in the international community which despised apartheid[3]. MANDELA'S METHODS NELSON MANDELA
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