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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Lung Transplant How is the procedure performed? - Heart and Lung Machine- Various tubes- Catheter- Scalpel- Other surgical tools - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease- Emphysema- Pulmonary Fibrosis- Scarring of the lungs- Cystic Fibrosis- Sarcoidosis - Pulmonary Hypertension The patient is put under general anesthesia and a tube is inserted throughthe mouth and windpipe to help them breathe. Another tube is put fromthe patient's nose to stomach to drain stomach contents, a catheter isalso put in to keep the bladder empty. Surgery takes 6 - 12 hours. Moretubes are also used to send blood to a heart-lung bypass machine toprovide oxygen and move blood through the body during the surgery.The surgery begins with the surgeon cutting into the chest. Then they remove the diseased or damaged lung(s). Next the main airway to the oldlung as well as blood vessels between the lung and heart are attachedto the donor lung. Chest tubes are inserted to drain air, fluid, and bloodout of the chest for several days to allow the lungs to fully re-expand. What diseases/disorderscould this procedure treat? Equipment neededfor this procedure: Pre-Patient Care: First a doctor refers the patient to aregional transplant center. There, thepatient are given a series of tests (suchas blood, skin, and heart tests), todetermine if they would make a goodcandidate for transplant. While on the waiting list, a patientmust stop drinking alcohol and smoking,as well as keeping their weight in therecommended range. When acompatible donor lung comes in,surgery begins immediately. Post-Patient Care: After surgery, the patient spends several daysin the ICU. They'll also be placed on amechanical ventilator with chest tubes and takenumerous pain and anti-rejection medications.The hospital stay is typically one-to-threeweeks and after that the patient will gothrough several months on frequent monitoring.Following that, the patient will go throughphysical therapy and rehabilitation. Risk Factors: - Rejection: The immune systemfights off foreign substances andthe body could reject the lung- Infection: Anti-rejection drugs supress the immune system andleave the body vulnerable Expected Outcome: This procedure can substantially improvepatient's quality of life and some peoplehave lived over ten years after surgery.However, only 4/5 patients are aliveafter one year and less than half surviveover five years. Kylie Stamey
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