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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Legislation/Policies Battling Pollutions The air, water, and land became heavily polluted from a lack of regulation and limits placed on industries that pollute As scientist began to notice these harmful effects of pollution, they began to speak out and spread awareness. This information got back to the public who also began to lobby. Our government is based off of popular sovereignty. As our representatives heard us speak out against pollution, they began to discuss how we could change the issues at hand. President and Congress Science Lobbyists/Protest Industries Made Money, But Polluted Along the Way The purpose of this legislation is to create a balance between science, economics, and public policy. The corporations not only need to make money but also need to protect our earth with laws limiting pollution. There were several bills drafted up that then passed into laws or acts. Cap and trade policies were largely implemented in the European Union (2005). Essentially, companies would receive a fixed number of pollution permits that they could trade with each other as needed. Clean Air Act (starting in 1963) established rules and regulations the EPA must follow to protect the public from exposure to airborne contaminants. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (1976) gives EPA authority to control hazardous waste from "cradle to grave." This includes the generation, transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous waste. Solid Waste Disposal Act (1965) is an amendment to the Clean Air Act. Federal law requires environmentally sound methods for disposal of household, municipal, commercial, and industrial waste. Clean Water Act (starting in 1972) established the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the U.S. and regulation quality standards for surface waters. Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (1984) were added on to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. These amendments banned certain wastes from land disposal but companies can apply for an exemption to dispose wastes underground through wells. Recycling was promoted everywhere as a process of preventing waste of potentially useful materials, reducing consumption of fresh materials, reducing energy usage, and reducing air and water pollution.
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