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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Planet Mercury Mercury has a mass of 330,104,000,000,000 billion kilograms. That is the equivalent mass of 774,892,018,779,342.72 soccer balls. Mass Distance Mercurys distance from the Earth is 57 million miles. That is the equivalent distance of about 3,857,552,888.9 tennis courts. It would take about 40 days to get from the Earth to Mercury when theyre closest. Size Mercury is a little more than one third the size of Earth. If Earth were the size of a baseball, Mercury would be about the size of a golf ball. Mercury is the smallest planet in the Solar System. Name Because Mercury was the fastest planet as it moved around the Sun, it was named after the Roman messenger god Mercury. Temperature Mercury is the second hottest planet. Mercurys sunny side has a temperature rising to 400° Celsius or 750° Fahrenheit. Mercurys dark sideis very cold with the temperature going down to -200° Celsius or -328° Fahrenheit. Atmosphere Sodium 29% Hydrogen Gas 22% Helium 6% O2 42% Potassium 0.5% Mercury's atmosphere also has traces of argon, carbon dioxide, water, nitrogen, xenon, krypton, neon, calcium, and magnesium. Appearance Mercury is the most cratered planet in the Solar System. Mercury has wrinkles. Core Mercury has a molten core. It is estimated Mercurys core makes up 42% of its volume. Orbital Period A year in Mercury is just 88 days long. One day on Mercury lasts the equivalent of 176 Earth days. Speed Mercury moves at a speed of 48 kilometers per second. By: Lindsey Kuzma
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