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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Kartchner caverns Kartchner caverns state park, Arizona How it formed - Hardened into limestone. Rainwater (slightly acidic) made a crack in the limestone block and slowly dissolved passages in it. Kartchner caverns wide variety of speleothems began forming drop by drop over the next 200,000 years. Water seeping from the surface dissolves minerals through the limestone. Once it reaches the cave, the trapped carbon dioxide escapes from the water. No longer able to hold the dissolved calcite, the drop deposits its tiny mineral load. Type of cave - solution cave Unique information - Kartchner caverns is rated one of the worlds top 10 caves by experts for its vast majority and incredibly unique mineral formations. It's the only one of the ten open for public viewing in the United States Organism specific to cave - cave myotis bats. Pregnant female bats come to kartchner caverns in the end of April, and they give birth to a single pup in late June. The babies remain in the roost each evening while their mothers look for insects in the surrounding countryside. During the summer the whole colony consumes about half a ton of insects. Spelotherms specific to cave- stalagmites, stalactites, columns, and drapery. These speleotherms formed slowly formed drop by drop of water over 200,00 years. Overtime minerals have created beautiful spelotherms, and a variety of colors found in the cave. Stalagmites Grow up from the cave floor, stalactites grow from the caves ceiling, columns are usually formed when stalactites and stalagmites meet and firm into one, or when a stalactite reaches the floor.
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