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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 POTASSIUM Discovery:When- 1807Where- EnglandWho- Sir Humphrey DavyHow- The first time use of electrolysis, for isolating metal, of molten caustic potash(KOH) Physical characteristics:Color- shiny/silvery white Texture-soft/waxy metal- easily cut with a knife Chemical Characteristics:Reacts With: water, oxygen, halogens, acids,sulfur, fluorine,nitrogenDoesn't React With: most hydrocarbons- such as mineral oil or kerosene Density- .89 g/cm^3Melting Point- 63.65 degrees celsius (146.57 degrees fahrenheit)Boiling Point- 774,0 degrees celsius ( 1425.2 degrees fahrenheit)State at Room Temperature- solid Sharing Four or More Characteristics:1.Lithium2.Sodium3.Rubidium4.Cesium5.Francium Characteristics Shared:1.same group2.very reactive metals3.only 1 electron in the outer shell4.malleable5.good conductor of heat/electricity6.can ignite/explode if exposed to water Group:Alkali Metal ( Group 1 )Period:4 Common Uses/Applications:fertilizers, salt substitutes, soaps, detergents, drain cleaners, gold mining, dyes, glass production, gunpowder, fireworks, batteries, and is essential to a healthy nutrition of plants and animals( including humans) Interesting Facts:1. Potassium is important to healthy nutrition2. Foods with Potassium- leafy greens, pumpkins, carrots, bananas, etc..3. Can be cut with a butter knife4. In the human body used in-muscle contraction,fluid/pH balance,bone health,and helps prevent kidney stones Symbol= KAverage Atomic Mass= 39.098Atomic Number= 19 There are 25 Isotopes for Potassium, but the three main ones are:1.K-392.K-403.K-41
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