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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Guilty 'Til Proven Innocent:Wrongful Convictions in Georgia Guilty 'Til Proven Innocent:Wrongful Convictions in Georgia 6 Common Factors Found inWrongful Convictions Erroneous Eye-Witness Identification False or Coerced Confessions Official Misconduct False or Misleading Evidence Pergury Inadequate Legal Defense Additional Specific Factors -a younger defendant-criminal history-withheld evidence-weak defense-a family witness-punitive state culture DNA Testing -poorly conducted DNA testing accounts for many wrongful convictions-updated methods of DNA testing have also lead to the exoneration of innocent people-The Innocence Project claims that 325 people have been exonerated in American history due to DNA testing(with the first exoneration occuring in 1989) Georgia 2015 1940 WWII LegalSegregation Age of Technology Widespread Equality -Following the Civil War, blacks are legally excluded form all court juries. The exclusion of blacks from juries meant that if a black man were being tried in court, he was being denied his constitutional right to be judged by his peers. This exclusion led to the certain conviction of all blacks in most courts throughout America, and officials defended these sure convictions by saying that they were better than lynchings. By the 1940s, the most progress the Supreme Court had made was to ensure one black man be included in each jury. -Present day, the pool of people selected for jury duty are selected at random, and, therefore, the juries properly represent the demographic of our country. No race of people are denied opportunity to serve on a jury, and the only requirements that need to be met involve age, citizenship, and criminal history. these properly selected juries ensure that each man, woman, or child, who is tried in court, is tried by a collection of their peers, as our constitution requires. -Unfortunately for the research of wrongful convictions, many of the court records of the South in the 1940s are only kept in written copies, so they can only be accessed by visiting the local courts of southern districts. A digitalized version of a 1947 Washington Post states that at the time southern courts rarely convicted whites of any hate crimes against African Americans. -Our modern day courts still succumb to racial profiling as recent statistics show. The convictions rates per capita for blacks and hispanics are much greater than that of whites. Other reasons could be suggested for this inbalance, but the difference is so large that racial stereotypes and profiles must play some role.
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