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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Sepúlveda Las Casas vs. 1. 2. Sepúlveda viewed the Indians as a barbarian race whose natural,inferior condition entitled the Spaniards to wage war on them. Sepúlveda favored war revolving around the Indians crimes against natural law. The Indians deviance from Spanish customs and law immediately granted the right to punish them for crimes against nature. . 3. 1. 4. 2. Sepúlveda states that the Indians oppressed and killed the innocents among themselves. Those sacrificed could do nothing to save themselves anddemonstrated the need by other peoples, such as the Spaniards, to intervene. Sepúlveda thought war would pave the way for the preaching of the faith in the New World. The use of force was a necessity in order for missionaries to carry out efforts in the New World. Las Casas replied that punishment required jurisdiction. Specifically,neither Charles V nor Pope Paul III had jurisdiction over infidels. Christians, therefore, couldnot punish the Indians for their idolatry and human rituals. Las Casas acused Sepúlveda of falsifying and generalizing the Aristotelian doctrine on barbarism. He differentiated between four types of barbarians. Las Casas strove to demonstrate to the court of Valladolid that the Aristoteliantheory of natural slavery was irrelevant to the Indian case. 3. 4. Las Casas acknowledged the existence of idolatryand cannibalism among some Native Americans, but he seemed to justify such acts. Human sacrifice was wrong, but perhaps an idiosyncrasy was caused by the distinct environments of the Americas. Las Casas disagreed and recognized that the Bible could be interpreted in different ways. The ultimate meaning of Godsword, however, should not be so distorted as to lose its meaning. How could have God commanded his church to kill pagans in war in order to save them from their ignorance. He declared the Indians pagans, a group which had to be, not violently punished, but peacefully converted to Christianity..
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