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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Hindu majority and the Muslims allowed for ample vacancy for the Europeans to encroach. With the Dutch in the Indies, India was left to the victorious party between the British and French, decided to some degree during the Seven Years War, one front being in India itself. England emerged victorious and took little time in establishing itself as the dominate trader in the Indian Ocean, with the creation of the British East India company led in India. Soon the company used the crumbling Mughal Empire to establish administrations throughout the subcontinent,and to help in the administration, the British relied on Sepoys, Indians who worked for the Brits. The Sepoy Mutiny The good the bad and the ugly. The Story Imperialism in India/Java As the British grew more wealth, they sought to expand their power over the Indians. And in influencing their culture, they completely disregarded the local customs and traditions of the natives. When they supplied the firearms for the Sepoys, most of whom were Hindi or Muslim, they greased the bullet cartridges with pork and beef fat, both from animals that were regarded as sacred or forbidden in Hindu and Islamic culture. When the Sepoys learned of this in 1957, they rebelled, but they were ultimately crushed after two years of fighting. The British parliament stepped in, claiming the entire subcontinent under the British Crown, sending the last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah II into exile and recognizing Queen Victoria as the Empress of India in 1877. Raw materials such as cotton, other commodities and even some foodstuffs made their way to Britain, were they were manufactured and bought back by Indian markets. The arrangement was very profitable for the British, and also gave them a stronghold in Asia from which they could launch both physical and economic attacks on China such as with the Opium Wars. The Upper Castes of Indian Society were expected to assimilate, if you will, into British culture, and Christianity spread. The Infrastructure, especially the ports and railroads were improved and built. The Education of the upper castes ultimately gave India an educated elite learned in worldly affairs, a great advantage when independence movements and revolts began to occur. Early life in Java India as a Colony Effects of Imperialism in India and Java From Glory to Ashes European imperialism ruined India's and Java's previous economy and industries as a result of European nations forcing them to import their goods from Europe and not buy their own goods from their home. Industries such as the handmade cloth industry, clock-making, metal, and carpentry industries, fell because cloth was made of better quality for cheaper in Europe because of mass production.India and Java soon became dependent on Europeans due to the colonization,India was made to only import goods from Britain and what couldn't be found in India was imported from Britain. India was left unable to support themselveson their own because of British interference with trade and businesses.Europeans also brought famine. European nations encouraged farmers to grow cash crops, and the growing population wasn't able to afford the amount of food causing many to starve.Europeans controlled the government and didn't allow the native people to have a say or be a part of politics or run for positions of power.The British and the Dutch believe that because the people of India and Java were of a different culture that they were automatically below them no matter who they were and that they couldn't even be compared to the white man.And so, those feelings and ideas filtered through time to today. The first Dutch expedition to Indonesia was in 1595.Then at the start of the century in 1602, the Dutch East India Company was established. In 1603, the Dutch built their first permanent trading post in Banten, West Java. Then on February 27, 1623 the chief factor of the English East India company, Gabriel Towerson, a priest, was put on trial and then beheaded along with 9 other English men, 10 Japanese traders and one Portuguese man for conspiracy against the Dutch. This would be known as the Ambonya Massacare In the 1700s there were 3 wars which the Dutch were involved in with Indonesia: the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Javanese wars. This eventually ended with the Dutch becoming the main power on Java.In 1800 the Dutch East India Trading Company was broke and slowly fell apart. All its land was then named the Dutch East Indies. In 1801 the British took over the region of Minhasa but then in 1802 the Treaty of Amiens was signed and Melaka and Maluku were returned to the Dutch. In 1817, the British got control of Melaka again. To split the land in half, the Dutch and the British would sign the Treaty of London. The Dutch would get most of Indonesia and the British would get Malaya, Singapore and other islands.
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