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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 1619 Dutch establish a trading port in Batavia, Java (Present day Indonesia) Monopolizing the World 1600-1900 C. 1652 Dutch establish a settlement at Cape Town 1661 British establish port in Bombay India/ Java South Africa The British and Dutch left the indigenous peoples to themselves, allowing princes to continue to stay at their palaces, encouraging the social heirarchy, and adapting to the clothes,food, and settlements. Europeans simply added a new class where they belonged; it was above everyone else. Because only men went on these voyages, they occasionally mixed in with the natives. Having children, however, broke the social division between the Europeans and the natives. Religion remained untouched as Europeans refused to send their missionaries in fear of the other universal religions. Later, nabobs caused the Bengal Famine of 1770. About 1/3 of the population died. Lord Charles Cornwallisled reforms to reduce power of British Administration. He also limited Indian participation in government. They maintained their position by paying a tribute to the ruling kingdom, Mataram. However, they occasionally broke the rules of the head of the company and interfered with the wars thatoccurred between Mataram and their rivals. They fought with Mataram's enemy who eventually won. The Dutch then demanded ownership of all of Java. The British obtained their ground in a similar way to the Dutch. Though the British East India Company was there strictly for the access of trade, agents intervened with wars between princes and eventually ruled much of India. June 23, 1757 Battle of PlasseyRobert Clive leads 3000 troops of Englishmen and Sepoys to victory against 50,000 Indian troops. The sultan Siraj ud-daulawas deceived right under his nose as his own chief general and Hindu bankers helped Robert Clive with his victory. 1750s Official Dutch capture of Java occurred when Sultan Mangakubumi attempted restoration of Java. 1770s Nabobs take advantage of the company and Indians to gain money The Pacific 1652 Dutch establishes a settlement1815 British annex Cape Town1830 Boers begin Great Trek1850s Boer establish Orange Free State and Transvaal1867 Diamonds discovered in Orange Free State1885 Gold Discovered in Transvaal The Boers, the descendants of the Dutch settlers, migrated deeper into the continent. They settled contently before the British won them from the wars with France. At the time, the French had invaded Holland allowing Cape Town subject to capture. The Boers and the British did not agree on terms of slavery, language, and technological advancement. Missionaries from Britain drovethe Boers out of the colony where they roamed and clashed with the Bantu peoples. Finally they established the Orange Free State and the Transvaal where they kept away from the Europeans. However, discovery of gold and diamonds in the area further attracted the British leading to a war where the Boers were victorious. Later, the British won the Anglo-Boer War, established due to Boer assaultsto British bases near the area. 1790s Europeans arrive on New Zealand coast1777-1779 Captain James Cook travels toHawai and persuades prince Kamehameha the western ways1794-1810 Kamehameha regains his kingdomwith British assistance1898 Hawaii is annexed into the U.S. New Zealand suffered greatly under European influence as traders and settlers inflicted them withdiseases and war. The Moari nearlybecame extinct as failed wars and diseases claimed them. Hawaii, influenced often by Captain James Cook was prepared to fight the Spanish invaders using British artillery. The young King Kamehameha claimed his kingdom whichsurvived under British influence. As the kingdom slowly declined, the U.S.formally took over the islands. Robert Clive Captain James Cook
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