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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Imperialism in South Africa During the 19th century Europeans developed superior artillery being a key factor in their conquest of South Africa 1869 - the introduction of mass steam power When encountering native resistance, forces with primitiveartillery were put down quickly 1879 - Battle of Isandhlwana - Zulu people face and defeat sizeable British forces Two Different Kinds of Colonies Forces eventually put down - Zulu kingdom falls to British control Africa - Tropical Dependencies Small numbers of Europeans ruled large populations of non - Western peoples To retain control, Europeans exploited ethnic and cultural divisions of the newly colonized Grouped into tribes - added more social divisions and often pitted them against each other Did You Know? Western language education was left largely to Protestant and Catholic Missionaries As in India and Java, administration was carried out on a local level by hundreds or thousands of African and Asian subordinates 1652 - First Dutch settlement in South Africa at Cape Town Boers were farmers and descendants of Dutch immigrants miscegenation between native Khoikhoi and Boers to form 'colored' population of today Exposure to western culture = abolishing of slavery by missionaries (1830s) 1830 - Boers fleeing missionaries begin Great Trek mid-19th century Boers clash with Bantu peoples repeatedly over land rights early 1850s the Boers established two Boer Republics named the Orange Free State and the Transvaal 1867 Diamonds discovered in OFS and British flock to land meaning a brief war(1880-1881) which the Boers won 1885 British back when gold discovered in Transvaal 1899 - 1902 Angloe - Boer war which British eventually win but at high cost for both Europeans developed superior artillery aiding in their expansion efforts such as in South Africa. With their new weapons and steam power local forces put up a fight but were no match for the western military machine. Cultural divisions were exploited, further dividing the natives into turning on each other as the British intended. Christians were the minority and officials were favored with western schooling. The first Dutch settlement was at Cape Town laying foundations for the later empire. There was miscegenation between Dutch farmer immigrants and the native leading to the 'colored' population. Missionaries came and abolished slavery. To escape this, Boers would flee in what was known as the Great Trek. Later Boers would conflict with the Bantu people over land and later with the British over discovered minerals leading to the Anglo-Boer war which the British won at a high price
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