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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Illusions of Competence Perceptions on Judments of Learning ADDING Practical Study Habits Perceived Familiaritywith NewInformation A prioriandA posterioriProbablitiesof LearningAcquisition CREATE PLAIN CONTENT FILL MEIN WITH INTERESTINGCOPY FULL STARTHERE 1) Use practice and recall to make retrieval of new information quicker.2) Develop deeper understanding of subjectmatter through repetition.3) Use Working Memory to frequently access and strengthen established Chunks of information. 1) Einstellung keeps your 'old' informationas your primary thoughts, thus inhibiting acquisition of 'new' knowledge.2) Negelecting to repeatedly review 'acquired' information prevents strengthening neural connections:a) with that information; b) with retrieval of that information; c) with other subjects.3) Creativity wanes when Learningfails to connect 'old' ideas with 'new' learning. 1) When you identify a cue word in a given problem or sequence, don't assume that cue has the same value as when you encountered that cue before.2) Use the Pomodoro Technique to 'Chunk' your study time, soyour brain will be accustomed to working in chunks (of time).3) Develop a routine for studying,and make a habit of creating anenvironment that supports your learning. Illusions of Competenceare overcome when all of these tips arerepeatedly utilized. "When one door closes, another door opens. Keep your chin up, and keep an eye on the open door." When the 'Octopus' of working memory accesses different ideas,the disparate ideas soon become chunks. Comprehensive subjectmatter becomes 'chunked'and retrieval makes connections with other 'chunks' from different subjects. 1) Eat Your Frogs First, approach difficult tasks or subjects before yourbrain feels fatigue.2) Arrange work into a series of small chunks.3) Reward yourself for the work you complete. This gives your brain a chance to switch modes, and encourages diffuse thinking. Bjork, R. A., Koriat, A. (2005). Illusions of Competence in Monitoring Ones Knowledge During Study. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 31(2), 187-194. DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.31.2.187.Castell, A. D., McCabe, D. P. and Roediger III, H. L. (2007). Illusions of competence and overestimation of associative memory for identical items: Evidence from judgments of learning. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 14 (1), 107-111.Oakley, B. Chunking - Summing It Up" (Coursera Lectures: Learning About Learning, San Diego, CA, January 24, 2015).Oakley, B. Illusions of Competence" (Coursera Lectures: Learning About Learning, San Diego, CA, January 24, 2015).Oakley, B. What Is Long Term Memory" (Coursera Lectures: Learning About Learning, San Diego, CA, January 24, 2015).Oakley, B. No Need For Genius Envy" (Coursera Lectures: Learning About Learning, San Diego, CA, January 24, 2015).
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