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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency,is the independent research branch of the U.S. Department of Defense that funded a project that in time was to lead to the creation of the Internet.DARPA's mission was and is, to think independently of the rest of the military and to respond quickly and innovatively to national defense challenges DARPA ARPANET The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network.It was an early packet switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP. The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries. Its routing function enables internetworking, and essentially establishes the Internet. The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is a core protocol of the Internet Protocol Suite.It originated in theinitial network implementation in which itcomplemented the Internet Protocol (IP).TCP provides reliable, ordered, and error-checked delivery of a stream of octetsbetween applications running on hosts communicating overan IP network.TCP is the protocol that major Internetapplications such as the World Wide Web,email,remote administration and file transfer rely on TCP IP the 4 fundamental network concepts are arpanet, the concept of a military network by the rand corporation,NPL the commercial network and the scientific network cold war related milestones was when in 1962 american ferret aircrafts discovered middle and long range missiles in cuba,which were abele to reach the usa, this stoked fear of an atomic conflict at that time the information systems had a centralized network architecture. which in case of loss of a node would still be operative, communication still used to work through radio waves the distributed and decentralized network architecture this was what led conflict atomic bombs which made networks architecture was destroyed
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