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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 HUMANISM What is humanism? Humanism is a philosophy that says that all humans deserve respect and shouldbe allowed to have dignity. Humanism also says that humans should beallowed to decide howthey will live their lives. Humanists value reasoning and critical thinking. They believed that humans coulddo anything if they put their time to it. There are many kinds of humanismincluding secular humanism,religious humanism and renaissance humanism andall are slightly different, butthey all have the same principles of humans being incharge of their lives and being able to do anything.Most kinds of humanism alsobelieve in a separation of church and state. Renaissance humanism During the renaissance,humanism became more popular as people no longer looked to the churchfor everything. Humanism allowed morephilosophy and science as previously the Church couldhave objected but now these things were more accepted. Renaissancehumanism was also aboutrediscovering some of the lost Greek and Roman paintings, writings and sculptures. One of the mostimportant effects of humanism was peasants thinking they could do muchmore with their lives, resulting inmany of them moving to citiesleading to rapid urbanization. How does humanism impact today? Today almost all countries have some separation of church andstate, an idea that was born in humanism during the Renaissance. Now almost everywhere most people can vote, showing the basicidea of humanism- that all people should be able to choose right over wrong- has prevailed. Modern secular states have their roots in the forms of humanism that developed during the Renaissance and without humanism, we couldstill be living in a middle-ages type state dominated by the church. Theworld today is greatly impacted by humanism, especially Renaissancehumanism. It allowed us to further our understanding of the world without the church interfering and gave us modern science, philosophyand secularism. Departure of a Young Breton Peasant Departure of a Young Breton Peasantwas painted after the Renaissance (probably during the 18th century) by an unknown artist. It depicts a peasant girl being seen off by her family before she moves to the city. It shows that one of the effects of humanism was that during and after the Renaissance many people moved to the city as they believed they deserved and couldget a better life. This led to rapid urbanisation, resulting in a huge decreasein the number of farmers. Today 54% of the global population live in cities and more than 70% in developed nations with this number rising fast. Humanism is in part responsible for this massive cultural shift- for instance, when the Doomsday Book was writtenin 1086 before humanism, more than 90% of people lived in the country. By Gwendolen, Joe and Lucas Sources:
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