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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Human Genetic Engineering By John Schmidt Pros Cons defines 'Genetic Engineering' as "the science of making changes to the genes of a plant or animal to produce a desired result". Inorder to do this, genes can be taken from one thingand put into another. -Defective genes could be replaced with fully functioning ones, which could eliminate disease. -The modification of human genes could, in theory, make the average human life span 100-150 years. -The knowledge gained fromchanging and evaluating human genes might allow us to make pharmaceuticals that could identifyand target specific mutations in the human body. -The safety of human genetic engineering is in debate. A small number of test subjectshave died, and scientists simplydon't know what the ramificationscould be. -The unnatural modificationof human genes could limit our genetic diversity, whichcould cause the human raceto become extinct if a significant change, such asa natural disaster or a newdisease, were to occur. A Concern The cost of participating in the genetic engineering program could befairly substantial. This could make it so that only the wealthy could have their children geneticallyenhanced, leaving the poor and middle class with unmodified human babies. Even if the genetic modification was successful, the results would make the children of the wealthy physically and mentally superior. The result of this could make it so that the wealthy and the poor/middle classbecome divided into the genetically superior wealthy class,and the geneticallyinferior impoverished/middle class. Ethics The science of human genetic engineering shows that,in theory, genes can be modified to produce superior humans. However, some think that human genetic engineering can deprivea child of its identity. It is the opinion of many that if a child isgiven traits that are picked by others, than that child could betreated as a creation of others, rather than his or her own self.Some argue that the child might not want genetic modification.Because of this, along with other reasons, different countrieshave different policies. Citations "Human Genetic Engineering Current Science and Ethical Implications".Council for Responsible Genetics. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2015. "Engineering Intelligence." The New Brunswick Beacon. Douglas, Kyle,7 Apr. 2013. Web. 1 Mar. 2015. "Human Genetic Engineering: A Very Brief Introduction". redOrbit.N.p., 6 Apr. 2013. Web. 1 Mar. 2015. "Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering in Humans - Part 1". brighthub. Arnold, Paul, 28 Feb. 2012. Web. 1 Mar. 2015. "The Downside of Human Genetic Engineering". brighthub.Arnold, Paul, 14 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 Mar. 2015. "genetic engineering". Merriam-Webster. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2015 "DARPA to Genetically Engineer Humans by Adding a 47th Chromosome". TIP News.DNA, 31 July 2013. Web. 1 Mar. 2015. "Genetically Modified Mice". Science Clarified. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2015. "Genetic Modification and the Brave New USA". Mary Meets Dolly. N.p., 9 June 2009.Web. 1 Mar. 2015. "Human Genetic Engineering". Leaderu. Bohlin, Ray, n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2015. Note: As this is a theoretical topic, no statistics or data to be used in a chart or graphcould be found.
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