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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 How to guard against tyranny 1. Checks and Balances 2. Federalism There are three branches of government. The legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. These three branches can check each other so that none of the branches have too little or too much power. The three branches have to look out for each other so there isn't a branch with the absolute power. Federalism is so the federal government and the state government don't overpower one another. Federalism prevents the national government and the state government from gaining absolute power over the nation and the nations people. The national and state government will check each others powers and the branches of government within each level will also provide checks on each other. 3. Separation of Powers Separation of Powers prevents one person or group from doing whatever they want. Because if one person or group has too much power and gets all of the governmental power, it is pretty obvious that the outcome will be a tyranny. The legislature makes law, the executive branch enforces the law, and the judicial branch interprets the law. 4. Larger States VS. Smaller States Also you cannot give certain states more power over the other, or just more power in general. That's what the great compromise was all about they equalized the power. Because some states had more population than that of other states. The House of Representatives would give everyone an amount of representatives determined on the population. But the senate, on the other hand, would give everyone the same amount of representatives, which was two. The states with the larger population would favor the representation in the house better because they had more representatives. The states with the smaller populations would favor the representation in the senate more because they would get equal representation. The great compromise prevented the larger states from dominating the smaller states. You also have to make sure that not certain states have too much power over the others. The number of representatives in House of Representatives was determined by the population of the state. The number of representatives in the Senate is equal, which is two representatives.
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