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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Religion The Hmong Family Assimilation Integration Official Religion: Shamanismor Animism2nd Most PracticedReligion: Christianity Education According to the U.S Census, in 2012, only 4% of 118,472 25 years or older helda graduate degree or professional, and about 11% held a bachelor's degree. The Hmong has one of the lowestpercentages of Asian decent in education. Patriarchal familyMother cares for childrenAlso has to teach girls howto become ideal brideChildren are subordinate. Dispersal Policy: The U.S. government wantedto desperate Hmong whenthey immigrated to U.S. inlate 1900's for quick assimilation. Hmong kids going to public schools, colleges,getting jobs, and being involvedin other public systems.Some even intermarryinto different groups. Girls are expected toclean, cook, and care for family. Boys are expected to learn traditions and the culture and do morephysical labor. A Shaman is a religious figure can travel to the spirit world. During the 2nd wave of Hmong immigrants in the 1980's-1990's, clans were unified, communities of Hmong were formed,Hmong Mutual Assistance, which led to the defeat of the this policy. The first generation born Hmong American citizens showed a bigger rate in integration and assimilation. A Hmong Shaman showing his religious tools. Hmong families usuallyhave bigger families than average American families. Bilingualism plays a role in cognitive registration of information. A Hmong and Caucasian couple on their Hmong traditional wedding. Hmong kids are taught to pursue an education, get good grades, and graduate. It is strongly enforced forkids to seek a college education. The Hmong can be foundin the U.S, China, Laos, Thailand, France, Australia, Canada, and even New Guinea. Hmong Christiansmostly fall in to groups of Alliance or Baptist. Of the 118,472 Hmong in the 2012 U.S Census, 67.6% obtained a high school diploma and have either continued their education or joined the workforce. The Hmong ethnic group resided in the mountains of Laos and Vietnam. Many Hmong Americans have two weddings: a traditional Hmong wedding and an American wedding. DID YOU KNOW? In Fresno, CA, Vang Pao Elementary was named in honor of General Vang Pao. The Hmong is very family oriented. Families come together to eat, do religious ceremonies, and may more. By Pa Jai Vue Sources:Aleckson, P. (2005). Hmong in the Modern World. Weston, WI: D.C. Everest Area Schools PublicationsHer, V., & Buley-Meissner, M. (2012). Hmong and American: From refugees to citizens. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press.Vang, T. (2008). A History of the Hmong: From ancient times to the modern diaspora. T. Vang.United States Census Bureau (2012). Selected Population Profile In The United States 2012 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates [Data file]. Retrieved from
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