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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 20132012201120102009200820072006 Hinduism is the world's oldest living religion, with no clear origin or founder Hinduism 900 million followers worldwide Increase in awareness of the causes of malaria Religions that branch off ofHinduism include Vaishnavism,Saivism Shaktism,Smartism Hinduism is most commonlypractised in India and Nepal.This is also where the religion originated. All Hindu deities symbolize one abstract God/Supreme Being/Brahman. Hindus believe in reincarnation (continuous cycle of death and rebirth) The hindu sacred texts were originally written in sanskrit. These include the Vedas:a collection of hymns, prayers and magic spells around 3000 years old. Upanishads: stories and parables told by guru to theirstudents.The Mahabharata: the world's longest poem written about 9th century BC. The Bhagavad Gita: a very popular song . The Ramayana: a story of the god Rama and the rescue of his wife from the evil demon king. Hindu places of worship are temples or homes. The temple is the God's home on earth while the most holy part of the temple is an inner shrine called a garbhagriha with statues to the god orgoddess. At the home of a hindu, a decorated shrine that serves as an altar for worship can be found. Salvation is through human actions in Hinduism,this is called Moksha. Moksha is when an enlightened human being is freed from the cycle of life-and-deathand becomes one with God. There are four ways to Moksha. Way of Action: This involves carrying out certain religious ceremonies, duties and rites. The Way of Knowledge: This requires using your mind and philosophy to come to a complete comprehension of the universe.The Way of Devotion: Salvation is reached through acts of worship, based upon the love for their Gods. The Royal Road: The use of meditation and yoga techniques. The basis of Hindu ethics is this: There is one all-pervading Atman or Self. It is the innermost soul of all beings, there is a shared consciousness. If you help another person, you help yourself. If you injure any other creature, you really injure yourself, because the whole world is nothing but your own Self. One life vibrates in all beings (animals and humans). Many Hindus believe that it is their duty to produce a son, since only sons can perform the funeral rites that enablea man's soul to go to heaven. Sons are needed to say prayers to ensure survival in the next world. Hindus believe marriage and having children are the key to a successful family. Husbands: work to provide for the family, be faithful to wife, arrange marriages for son or daughter. Wives: cook, clean the home, perform religious rites and organize celebrations, manage household expenses, bring up children and teach daughters how to perform these tasks. In Hinduism people are part of different groups called varnas. Each varna has its own duties. Brahmins (priests and teachers)Kshatriyas (warriors, rulers, administrators and leaders of society) Vaishyas (traders and merchants)Shudras (a variety of jobs, serving the needs of the other three varnas) Dharma insist that women should not engage in sexual activities prior to marriage and that a major element of a woman's dharma is the devotion she shows to her husband. Hindu law books are very severe against adultery, not only for moral reasons but also for social reasons. The doctrine of karma says that every thought and action results in certain consequences. Hindus believe that all suffering is due to one's own past actions, in this or in a previous life. Hindu scriptures reflect a deep fascination with and commitment to justice.The earliest narratives identify justice with the work of a God. Hindus tend to worship god in nature. In the Morning and Evening when sun is in the horizon, most Hindus stand in water and wash themselves as a part of worship of god/ spiritual advancement. Sacrifice is an important ritual there are strict rules which govern the purifying preparations for the priests, the altar, the preparation of the offering. Virtually every aspect of Hindu life, in fact, is marked by ritual actions. Diwali or Deepwali - Festival of Lights: the biggest of all Hindu festivals. It is marked by four days of celebration, which literally illuminates the country and homes with firecrackers is an expression of obeisance to the heavens for the attainment of health, wealth, knowledge, peace and prosperity. In all Hindu shrines one moves clockwisearound the central image before approaching the god. One should always remove one's shoes before entering a Hindu temple, and bells are always rung before prayers to get the Gods attention. Yoga an act of worship offering to God or goddesses through food, money and prayers. There are many symbols in hinduism. For example, one of the most common symbols is the Sanskrit letter om. It is the first letter of the sacred alphabet, but the first sound in the cosmos that led to creation. Making it the first principle of the universe. Lotuses mean purity. They begin in the mud, and grow up through the water. When they open, the flower is pure and cleansed. The most commonly performed symbolic gestures is the anjali mudra. When Hindus meet one another or God they place their palms together and raising the arms and bowing, usually saying "Namaste" as they do so in respect and greeting.
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