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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Head Injuries In Football Head injuries are injuries to the scalp, skull, or brain caused by trauma. They are very dangerous and can lead to permanent disability, mental impairment, and even death (CDC, 2014). Concussions Brain Contusion A brain contusion is a bruise of the brain tissue that can cause swelling. Like concussions, contusions are most often caused by an impact to the head. Symptoms of brain contusions may include: - Memory loss - Confusion - Attention problems - Agitation - Difficulty with motor coordination - Numbness - Loss of ability to understand or express speech(Brain and Spinal Cord, 2014). A concussion is a brain injury caused by a bump or blow to the head. Concussions can also occur from a blow to the body that causes the head to move rapidly back and forth. Common symptoms of concussion include: - Loss of consciousness - Nausea and vomiting - Headache - Dizziness - Blurred vision - Confusion - Fatigue - Short-term memory lossConcussions are the most common type of sports-relatedbrain injury with an estimated 1.6 million to 3.8 million sports-related concussions a year (CDC, 2012). The following policy and procedure will be used to manage any player with a suspected head injury: 1) Remove the athlete from play. Look for signs and symptoms of a head injury if the athlete has experienced a blow to the head. Any athlete who is suspected of having a head injury must be removed from play immediately.2) Call for the athletic director and inform them of the injury that has occurred.3) Complete a "Suspected Head Injury" report, located in the First Aid Kit. Complete the report, obtain the signature of the athletic director, and give it to the parents, guardian, or medical team caring for the athlete.4) Inform the parents or guardian that the athlete should be evaluated by a health care professional as soon as possible.5) Allow the athlete to return to play only if they provide a written note from a health care professional, granting permission to resume activities. Brain and Spinal Cord. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.brainandspinalcord.orgBrain Injury Association of America. (2014). Retrieved from Prevention & Control: Traumatic Brain Injury. (2012, May 16). Retrieved from Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment. (2011). Retrieved from http://nocsae.orgNorthwestern Youth Athletic Association. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.nyaatigers.orgUSA Football. (2010). Retrieved from An estimated 400,000 high school athletes sustained concussions while participating in five major male sports and four major female sports during the 2005-2008 school years (Brain Injury Association of America, 2011). DID YOU KNOW... Symptoms of traumatic brain injury may not be evident for week or even months following an injury (Brain and Spinal Cord, 2014). Standard Operating Procedure Concussions can occur in athletes of any age and in any sport or recreational activity (CDC, 2014). Among youth aged 14 to 19, emergency room visits for concussions sustained during team sports more than tripled during the 10-year period from 1997 to 2007 (Brain Injury Association of America, 2011). By: Nicole Salmeto PREVENTION - Wear a helmet that meets the safety standards set by the National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment. Approved helmets will have the NOCSAE seal on the back of the helmet (NOCSAE, 2011)- Make sure your helmet fits properly. For proper sizing, visit Practice "heads-up" football: Never use the top of your head to tackle, block, or strike an opponent (USA Football, 2010).
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