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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 The Patricians and Plebians Early Rome was divided into two classes; the Patricians and Plebeians.The Patricians were wealthy people who owned land. These people were nobles who made up most of Rome's ruling class.Most of Rome's people were the Plebeians,which consisted of artisans, shopkeepers, and owners of small farms. Both Patrician and Plebeian men had the right to vote, duty to pay taxes, and serve in Rome's army. But, the Plebeians had a lower social status which did not allow them to marry Patricians and could not hold public office. Both Carthage and Rome wanted to control the island of Sicily. This dispute led to war in 264 B.C. Rome sent their army to Sicily to prevent the Carthaginians from taking over. The Carthaginians, who already set up colonies on this island were determined to keep Rome out. Rome fought their wars on land, then realized they needed a Navy. In 241 B.C., Rome cruched Carthage to make up for their loss. in 218 B.C., Carthage started the second Punic War. Hannibal, their greatest general, had a strategy to take thefighting into Italy itself. Hannibal gathered an army of 46,000 men,thirty seven elephants, and many horses. The brutal cold, gnawing hunger, and mountain tribes killed most of their army, but still was a powerful fighting force when it reacked Italy. Even though they were outnumbered, they still overpowered Rome and began raiding much of Italy. During the Third Punic War, Rome conquered Carthage and enslaved 50,--- men, women, and children. Legend says Rome even spread salt on the Earth so no crops would grow. Carthage became a Roman province or Regional District for Rome. The Roman Republic The Punic Wars The Twelve Tables The twelve tables applied to Roman Citizens only. TheRomans realized that they needed now rules to solve legal disputes between citizens and non-citizens. They created a collection of laws called the law of Nations. The Twelve Tables is still used in many laws today.
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