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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry This is how they felt. This is how farmers wanted to feel. Why? Lower crop prices. Higher shipping prices. Congress' reduction ofpaper money in favor ofgold and silver. The Granger Movement is formed in 1867 to advance methods of agriculture, as well as promote the well-being of farmers Granger Movements allowed forunified action against monopolist railroads and grainelevators. They became more political,leading to many state legislaturesto pass laws fixing maximumrates railroads and grain elevators could charge. The Supreme Court upheldthe law, and the Granger Movement became an influential group, voting forcandidates and political parties supporting the agriculture industry. Oliver Hudson Kelley- founder of the Patrons of Husbandry, an organization that brought farmers together for educational and social purposes, the Granger Movement. "Granger cases"- legal cases that reached the Supreme court mostly about the constitutionality of laws putting maximum prices on grain elevators and the railroads. The Granger Movement became an anti-monopoly political group and began lending their support to any party that would restrict the power of monopolies. Although it nearly ended in only a decade after it began, the National Grange, as it is called today, is still used by farmers to affect national legislation.
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