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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Glomerulonephritis is a group of diseases that injure (causing inflammation) the filtering unit of the kidney. This results in decreased waste/fluid excretion, and ultimately leading to kidney failure. What is it? 4,526,000 (14.6% of 31 million with kidey failure) Glomerulonephritis: Acute & Chronic Acute: Morning facial puffiness, bloody/brown urine, and less frequent urination. Chronic: Hematuria, proteinuria, BP, edema, frequent night urination, and bubbly/foamy urine. Overall: Fatigue, abdominal pain, cough, SOB, diarrhea, fever, joint/muscle aches,and nosebleeds. Diagnosis: First major indications are proteinuria and hematuria. Blood tests are done to see type of illness and extent of damage. Lastly, a kidneybiopsy confirms the diagnosis. Infections: Strep throatIllnesses: Lupus, Goodpasture's Syndrome,Wegener's disease, and polyarteritis nodosa*Early diagnosis can prevent kidney failure* Acute Immune system changes, a past acute attack,hereditary conditions (Alport Syndrome). However in most cases it is unknown. Chronic C U A S E S Clinical Manifestation/Diagnosis Estimated individuals in the U.S. There is no way to prevent most cases, however avoiding exposure to mercury, organic solvents, and NSAID's is thought to help some. Preventing viral infections, by having good hygiene, practicing "safe sex", and avoiding IV drugs,can reduce a patients chance of having the condition. *Chronic patients should control BP to slow kidney damage. The doctor may also suggest eating less protein.* Prevention Acute: May go away by itself, sometimes medication or an artificial kidney is used to control BP and kidney failure. Antibiotics are never used and the doctor may call for plasmapheresis. Chronic: No specific treatment but can eat less protein, Na, K, control BP, take diuretics for swelling, and use Ca supplements. Treatments Acute: The condition can disappear naturally. Chronic: No real cure because dialysis doesn't get rid of the problem, and kidney transplants can go wrong if the underlying condition affects the new kidney. Cures *Some clinical trials are being done to test for medication treatments and to treat some symptoms such as proteinuria.* Edward DovalinaPeriod. 1/7
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