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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Causes and Effects of Earthquakes What are the effects on people? Earthquakes have a devastating effect on people. If not killed in the moment of the earthquake from being struck by a building or falling rubble or they are often buried, they lose so much of their selves, both physically and mentally. The Haitian earthquake was estimated to have killed 230,000 people. Evidence shows that 300,000 were hurt in the same earthquake while 1.5 million people were initially displaced from their original home. This however, despite how much damage it had already caused was not the end. While so many had perished in the earthquake itself the aftermath of the terrible disaster also took its toll. 8,592 people died from cholera a virus which inconveniently spread after the earthquake. This means an estimation of approximately 9272,000,000 people were effected by this earthquake. The earthquake did not perform a positive effect of any sort on humans, but imposed many negative effects such as death, injury and a definite step back from modern day society. What are the effects on the earth? While natural disasters seem to effect people more severely than anything else, the earth is also effected. In the earthquake in Japan (2011) which also happened to be the fourth biggest earthquake ever on the planet, did not only have one effect but various, one even on the earth itself. The tremor which also created a tsunami in Japan, reached all the way around the globe to Antarctica and into the atmosphere and even altering the local pull of earth's gravity field. This could have effected the earth in many different ways. There is a speculation that every time a major earthquake or tsunami hits in any part of the world it can shift the continent by an inch or so, or sometimes, almost like the example the Japanese earthquake with Antarctica. If every en years or so a earthquake that is large enough to manoeuvre a continent over, the formation of our planet could be very different. A million years of both evolution and earthquakes the continents may indeed have a different arrangement. This could be quite bad for climate change. If northern continents and islands were to possibly move closer to the equator many species could go extinct. This could in fact damage the earth and the effects are usually negative. But there are upsides. Right before a earthquake hits there is lots of tension inside the earth, very like stress, piling up. If the earth is able to unleash these bits of tension in earthquakes, it is much more healthy for both the earth and the life residing on it. What is the effect on infrastructure? Infrastructure is heavily effected in an earthquake. Things such as buildings, houses, and other tall-reaching formations are torn down by earthquakes. The tremors below that come from beneath these structures, cause them to crack, splitand very often be knocked down, usually resulting in another death. While possessions and belongings that may be inside are often lost in the rubble. The effect on infrastructure is very negative not only because of its effects on thingsbut also because it has such a bad effect on people, who can be crushed, buried or hit by a heavy object or a broken bit of the building. The earthquakes destroy infrastructure and by doing this rob people of their homes and also set the city back by so many years. It takes a very long time for even a wealthy city like Japan or Italy to recover from a major earthquake. Earthquakes usually lose places of beautiful historical landmarks, museums, maybe sculptures or artwork, and rid families of their heirlooms and prized possessions. The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake killed 63 people and caused billions of dollars damage. The Haiti palace one year after the earthquake. Local highway after Japan earthquake.
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