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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Fallacies of an Argument Emotional arguments: Scare tactics: exaggerating circumstances to make a point. Often used by politicians Either or Choices: reduces an argument into two options Slippery Slope: 'small mistake today can lead to a disaster tomorrow' used when the author wants to exaggerate the consequence of an action overly sentimental appeals- when the author uses emotions excessively to try to distract the reader from facts Bandwagon appeals- used by saying you should follow the path everyone is taking Ethical Arguments: Appeals to false authority: when an author gives themselves the authority for a believing a claim. Dogmatism- when a writer assumes that a certain position is the only one acceptable Ad hominem arguments- attack the character of a person not the claims they make Stacking the deck- showing only one side of the story Logical Arguments: Hasty Generalization- inference drawn from insufficient evidence Faulty Causality- the assumption that since one event followed another, the first caused the second Begging- giving a claim reason and a warrant Equivocation- half truths that give lies an honest appearance non sequitur- when your claims reasons and warrants do not logically connect Straw man- attacking an argument that isn't really there Red herring- changes subject to throw readers off track Faulty Analogy- saying that because two things are alike in some respects that they are alike in others Lindsey Miller
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