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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Everything's an Argument Everything's an Argument Many important issues today call for arguments to explorethem. If there's an "opponent" in such a situation at all(often there is not),it's likely the status quo or acurrent trend that, for one reason or another is puzzling In an ancient textbook of rhetoric (the art of persuasion),the philosopher Aristotle provides an elegant schemefor classifying occasions for argument based ontime--past, future, and present. But remember thatall classifications overlap to a certain extent, so don'tbe surprised when arguments about the past have implications for the future or when those about the future bear on the present day. Maddie Bleza So an argument can be any text-- written, spoken, aural, or visual-- that expresses a pointof view. Yet another way of categorizing arguments is to consider their statusor stasis--that is, the kinds of issues they address. No consideration of audiences can becomplete without understanding that reading always takes place in a series of contexts that move outward, from the most immediate situation (the specific circumstance in which the reading occurs) to broader environments (including local and community or institutional contexts like school or church, as well as cultural and linguistic contexts). So texts, whether oral, written, or digital, have intended audiences, those the writer wants to address. But they also have invoked readers, those representedin the text itself. Being aware of kairosmeans being able to understand and takeadvantage of shifting circumstances and to choose the best (mosttimely) proofs and evidence for that particularplace, situation, and audience. Remember, though, that rhetorical situationsare dynamic, withall elements affectingone another: for example,a change in the audiencecould affect yourhandling of the topicand the appealsyou use.
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