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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 health Measures of epidemiology include: status Measuring HEALTH STATUS EPIDEMIOLOGY refers to the general pattern of health of a population over a period of time. Improved health status is evident by:- increasing life expectancy- declining mortality rates- reduced rates of infant mortality- greater access to health care The health status of the Australian population is consideredhigh compared to other countries and continues to improve. Health Illness - collect and analyse data- assess risks- statistical models- health reports is the study of ill health, disease and death rates in a given population at a given time. This is done by collecting data and information. Epidemiology is used to:- obtain a picture of the health status of a population- identify patterns of health and disease- determine priority areas for government funding- analyse how health services and facilities are used Sources of information include:- surveys- records e.g. from hospitals, police, road authorities, dentists- data from Medicare and doctors- public and private health care claims - the number of deaths in a population from a particular cause. MORTALITY LIFE EXPECTANCY INFANT MORTALITY MORBIDITY - is the number of infant deaths in the first year of life per1000 live births. - the predicted number of years a person will live at a given point in their life e.g. at birth, at 30 years. - the incidence and prevalence of illness and disease in a given population. Epidemiology does not provide a complete picture because the following factors are difficult to measure:- quality of life- risk taking behaviours- socioeconomic circumstances In 2012, 55% of Australians over 15 years rated their health as 'excellent/very good'. Source: Australia's Health 2014
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