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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 EDUCATION and PAST PRESENT Education began as "dame schools" where children were taught by women in their neighborhoods.Schools were controlled by the churches.First formal school opened in 1635 (BostonGrammar School).The New England Primer became the firstcommon textbook.A Massachusetts Law of 1642 was the firstto require that all children receive a formaleducation - deeply rooted in religious reason.A 1647 Law in Mass. required towns to collect taxes to support schools and education. Connecticutfollowed in 1950. Other states followed slowly and reluctantly - the South resisted. The Revolutionary War brought concern overreligion's involvement in education.1785 - each new state was required to form a governmentand address education.The first amendment let to teaching more than religionin schools. The tenth amendment left the responsibility oeducation to the States and the people.1821 - English Classic School became the first High School inthe United States. It taught more sophisticated subjectsin order to prepare students for life in society.1825 - Robert Owens opened the first known childcare center.1830s - children attend public schools to learn "reading writing, and arithmetic."1848- Quincy School is first to start a graded school, with otherssoon to follow.1873 - The first public kindergarten in the U.S. was opened, serving only children in poverty.1892 - The NEA established the Committee of Ten - setting a standard that all children, regardless of class, should take the same course of study.The 1900s brought a more student-focused education, movingfrom the lecture and recite model used previously.1909 - The first middle school was established.1918 - Compulsory education became mandatory.1965 - Elementary-Secondary Education Act was passed. 1979 - The U.S. Department of Education was established under Jimmy Carter.2001 - The No Child Left Behind Act was established. References The first known school for teachers was established in 1821Industrial Revolution: The Lancaster System standardized education andhelped prepare students for assembly line work. This is important because it shows that education wasbeing used to prepare students for their future rolein society.Progressivism: Jean-Jacques Rousseau established that education should occur through real-life experimentation and discovery.Sputnik I: The hype of Sputnik I led to Congress being in support of the improvement of the education system. It led to areform in the curriculum of science, math, and foreign language.Over time, education moved from something onlyoffered to the privileged, to being segregated, to then beingnon-segregated and becoming more equal. Educationplayed its part in the Equal Rights Movement, and was in turn effected by it. Major Changes: Education Today: Today's education system is defined as "decentralized" by the U.S. Department of Education (2015). The design and implementation of curriculum is largely decided by individual districts, counties, cities and states.Generally, education begins in preschool and goes on tokindergarten, the primary grades, middle school, thenhigh school. The ages and grades vary slightly by schooldistrict and can be different in private or charter school settings.Today, we have fairly centralized ideas of what is expectedof our teachers, and standards have been put in place to ensure our students receive a fair and equal education.Concerns today are over the growing diversity in our schools,and question whether all students are getting an equal education based upon their needs. Hall, G., & Quinn, L. (2014). History of Schools in the United States. In Introduction to teaching: Making a difference in student learning (1st ed., Vol. 1, pp. 159-188). New York City: SAGE Publications.US Department of Education, . (2015). Organization of u.s. education. Retrieved from international/usnei/us/edlite-org-us.html Evolution of Eucation InfographicLaura MiddletonMTE501Simone PattersonJanuary 20, 2015
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