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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Ebola is an infectious and generally fatal disease marked by fever and severe internal bleeding, spread through contact with infected body fluids What is Ebola? Who needs to be informed of new cases?Public health agencyGovernment agency in Sierra LeoneWorld health agencyThey have to be informed so they can keep an eye on new cases and try to stop it. Information from the World Health Organization Quarantine Managing an Outbreak of Ebola in Sierra leone Ebola has pummeled healthcare systems in west Africa and laid bare health infrastructure issues that may not have otherwise been so readily apparent. It has also prompted aid organizations and governments to do some soul-searching about what should be done to prepare for the future. Quarantine is a preventive measure: it separates healthy people who are at risk of developing an infectious disease from others, to wait and see if they become sick in the hopes of stopping further disease spread Standard precautions used Any area affected by an outbreak should be immediately quarantined and patients treated in isolation. Healthcare workers need to avoid contact with the bodily fluids of infected patients by taking the following precautions: wear face masks, goggles, gowns and gloves, take extra care when handling blood, secretions and catheters, and when connecting patients to a drip, disinfect non- disposable medical equipment before reuse, sterilise and dispose of used needles and disposable equipment carefully, properly dispose of any secretions or body waste from the patient, carefully and frequently wash hands with soap and water, wash disposable gloves with soap and water after use, dispose of them carefully, then wash hands Procedures in placeThe UK is co-ordinating and leadingthe responseto Ebola in Sierra Leone, and has committed to provide 700 Ebola treatment beds in at least four treatment centres in areas where the need is greatest. To provide staff for these facilities, the UK will scale up the national Ebola Training Facility (which already trains 90 health workers a week) to train Sierra Leonean and international staff. Public Health England staff have also been on the frontline as part of the international effort to tackle Ebola in West Africa. They have been supporting the Sierra Leone Ministry of Health by providing expert guidance on managing the outbreak and preventing the spread of the virus. The UK government, alongside the Wellcome Trust and the Medical Research Council, has co-funded clinical trials of a potential vaccinefor Ebola virus disease. .................... The infrastructure What is the treatment for EbolaRecovery from Ebola depends on good supportive care and the patients immune response, but since there aren't any drugs to fight the virus, health care teams treat the person's symptoms and offer basic support care. They keep the person hydrated with fluids through an IV, give oxygen, maintain their blood pressure and treat any other infections they have. Experimental vaccines and treatments for Ebola are under development, but they have not yet been fully tested for safety or effectiveness. Preventing Ebola in the first placeGood outbreak control relies on applying a package of interventions, namely case management, surveillance and contact tracing, a good laboratory service, safe burials and social mobilisation. Community engagement is key to successfully controlling outbreaks. Raising awareness of risk factors for Ebola infection and protective measures that individuals can take is an effective way toreduce human transmission. Risk reduction messaging should focus on several factors:Reducing the risk of wildlife-to-human transmissionReducing the risk of human-to-human transmission Outbreak containment measures. Ebola is onlycontagious whensymptoms arepresent
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