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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Dwarfism Dwarfism can be caused by one of more than 200 different types of dwarfism with an estimated 30,000 people in the U.S. and 651,700 in the world with dwarfism. Disproportionate dwarfism Proportionate dwarfism Definition Symptoms Decrease in height and hormone growth Drecreased muscle growth. Occurrence People who contain dwarfism are no taller than four foot ten. 80% of Dwarfs are born to average sized parents Dwarfism occurs in all races 2 Categories of Dwarfism If body size is disproportionate, some parts of the body are small, and others are of average size or above average size. Disorders causing disproportionate dwarfism sloe the development of bones. A body is proportionately small if all parts of the body are small to the same size and appear to be proportioned like a body of average stature. Medical conditions present at birth or appearing in early childhood limit overall growth and development Affect Dwarfism is not an intellectual disability. A person who has dwarfism is typically of average intelligence. Affect Cure Dwarfism is not a disease that requires a cure. Most people with the condition live a long prosperous life. Dwarfism is not an intellectual disability. A person who has dwarfism is typically of average intelligence. Major affects Less and Slower growth rate No sexual devoloment growth in teen years Differnetiates between both types How it is diagnosed Inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern which is when one copy of the altered gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the disorder. Cause 1. Achondroplasia( disproportionate) one per 26,000 to 40,000 births2. SEDc ( disproportionate) one per 95,000 births3. Diastrophic dysplasia ( disproportionate) one per 110,000 births Has no affect on intellectuality Distinctive appearance facial and skeletal futures are an easy way to diagnose dwarfism Charting growth and growth percentile is the easiest way Hormone testing Vision and hearing problems Slower and less growth overall dwarfism related conditions are genetic disorders the causes of some disorders are unknown. Most occurrences of dwarfism result from a random genetic mutation from either the father's sperm or the mother's egg rather than from either parent's complete genetic makeup. How it is inherited
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