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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Modern Megacities A megacity is a city with over ten million inhabitants. It can be a single metropolitan area or two or more that converge. At present there are 33 megacities worldwide with themajority being located in Asia. Cities are growing constantly stretching the city limits further and this is called urbanisation. Where previously urban land has been built on to make the city bigger. Megacity handling urbanisation well:New York Megacity NOT handling urbanisation well:Mexico City Geographical Location:- Mexico City is located in a valley called the valley of mexico.- 2240 metres above sea level.- Covers an area of around 1485 kilometres squared.- Surrounded by Pacific ocean and Gulf of Mexico.- Situated in the centre of Mexico in the North Western hemisphere.Population and Demographics:- The population of Mexico City is 21 600 600 people.- Densely populated with annual growth rate of 1.12%.- Majority of people are roman catholic- One fifth of mexico's population live in the metropolitan area.Interesting Statistical Data about the City and its people:- The airport is used by nearly 19 million travelers each year.- Has 27 neighboring municipals and the second largest metropolitan area in the world.- 24 newspapers serving the city.- Faced lots of crime in the 1990's with over 700 crimes committed a day.- City founded in 1521.- Air pollution sent more than one million people to hospital in 1999.Physical Layout/ Structure:- It's located in a big valley surrounded by mountains.- The pattern of urbanisation of the city is dispersed and chaotic due to the absorption of many rural areas.- Uneven provision of infrastructure, services and urban equipment because of high environmental and social costs.- Area is earthquake prone and surrounded by mountains on all sides with only one small opening at the north.- Active volcanoes are Popocatepetl and Itzacehuatt.- Mexico City combines natural hazards with enormousstructural vulnerability due to explosive urban sprawl, population density, poverty etc.Social Disadvantages:Overcrowding, traffic congestion, higher cost of living, lack of goods and services, stress related conditions, higher rate of crime, health issues and spread of disease.Economic Disadvantages:Higher cost of living, cost of homes, rent, food, transport,fuel, toll, parking and under resourced. Environmental Disadvantages:Pollution, fewer natural habitats, less fresh air, pollution from vehicles, polluted water and effected mature cycle. Geographical Location:- New York is located on the Eastern Atlantic coast of the united states.- North America, Atlantic ocean, Northern Hemisphere.- At the mouth of the Hudson river.- Made of 5 boroughs separated by waterways.- Brooklyn, Queens, to west.- Straten Island and Manhattan on their own land mass.- Bronx is to the north and attached to NY mainland.Population and Demographics:- The population is 22 000 000 people approximately.- Covers 17 405 kilometres squared.- Population density is 1865 per square mile.- Majority of people are Roman Catholic.- One fifth of Mexico's people live in the metropolitan area.Interesting Statistical Data about the City and its people- 62% of population are white- 17% African American- 9% American Indian, Alaskin, Asian.- Life expectancy 76 years.- 97.7% live in households.- 304 804 crashes were reported in 2013.- $403 per motorist per year for repairs and operating costs.- Gas costs 50.6 cents per gallon.- Average weekly wages $1856.- NY schools have 2.1 billion dollars for infrastructure funding needs.Physical Layout/ Structure- The CBD is situated in Manhatten.- Suburban areas surround CBD.Management strategies used to handle urban pressure:-Lower prices of water, food, electric power, diesel fuel and public transport.- Increasing production.- Growth in agricultural employment.- Higher average incomes.
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