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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 The background behind the Aztecs Hernán Cortés The arrival Aztecs calendar Beliefs of their arrival What happened to the Aztecs? Civilization Fact The war Fact The end of the Aztecs Some believed the Aztecs began as the northern tribe of hunt-gathers, which came from their homeland Aztlan. The Aztecs ere also known as "Tenocha", from their capital city Tenochtitlan. Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador who wanted to conquer the Aztec empire, so he could rule the places they already had. Since they had a sophisticated system of cultivation and powerful military tradition would allow them to build a successful state, so in the future an empire. When the Aztecs saw an eagle perched on a cactus, near the southwest border of lake Texcoco, they took it as a sign to build their civilization there. So they established their capital city Tenochtitlan in 1325 A.D. Typical Aztec crops were corn, beans, potatoes, and tomatoes. They hunted fish and small animals like rabbits, armadillos, coyotes, and wild turkey. The Aztec calendar, tonalpohualli, or the day count, it has 260 days, it divided days and rituals. It was important, they thought without it the world would come to an end. The Aztecs arrived in 1427 in Mexico. Their arrival came just after, or maybe helped bring the fall of civilization of the Toltecs. One reason was they had too many enemies. They were also very violent. Ineffective leadership was another reason. Montezuma, their leader, believed Hernán Cortés was a God that would lead them to peace. But since he was unsure they later captured him in 1520 then later killed. Then Cuitláhuac (Montezuma's brother) took over and lead an army, which lead the spañors away. Bringing smallpox brought by Hernán Cortés. Hernán Cortés came back to the Aztecs with ships, horses, guns, and lots of his crew. Finally in August 13, 1521 they were defeated. Cortés then became governor of New Spain in 1522. All of that history happened in what is now Mexico City. The Aztec language, Nahuah, was common language in Central Mexico in the mid-1350's More than 200,000 died in the action. The Aztecs ruled 15 million people! Power Fact The Aztecs
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