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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 ? C THE CINCHONA PLANT Commonly named the Quina, this plant is used to make a substance called quinine. Quinine isused tocure... Malaria - usuallycarried bymosquitoes Lupus - autoimmunedisorder whereimmune systemattacks healthy tissue Image: Encyclopedia Britannica No one has currently deduced the mosteffective chemical quality of quinine. CHEMICAL FORMULA OF QUININE 20 H 24 N O 2 2 LIKE MOST MEDICINAL PLANTS, CINCHONA IS HARVESTED FROM A TROPICAL RAINFOREST MAINLY BECAUSE OF THE LARGE AMOUNT OF B I O D I V E R S I T Y Each yellow dot on the map above shows where cinchona plantsare located. Image: The cinchona belongs to Rubiaceae family,which is also the family of the coffea plantgenus involved in making coffee. The cinchona's bark is the main ingredientinvolved in the extraction of quinine. SOME OTHER INTERESTING FACTS HERE AND THERE: Created by Paul Mattox The main problem with harvesting cinchona is that it often has to be carried across long distances. It is often carried in large amounts, too, making it heavy. There are 31 known species in the cinchona genus, and six of them are used to make the medicines mentioned here. Image: Image: What's this??? Cinchona is sometimes called Jesuits' bark becauseof the role that the group played in its dispersal. The fruits are capsules that contain lots of cinchona seeds. Arthritis - jointdisorder involvinginflammation ofjoints. Image: Image: Image: DESPITE THE MULTIPLE ADVANTAGES IT HAS, QUININE HAS ITS PROBLEMS AS WELL. HEADACHES, NAUSEA, AND SLIGHT IMPAIRMENT OF HEARING ARE COMMON IN ITS USAGE (THE LATTER IS REVERSIBLE, THOUGH). ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS: Cinchona is an invasive species in the Galapagos islands. Harvesting the bark can be environmentallydestructive.
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