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Created with Fabric.js 1.4.5 Cocoa Farming in Ghana Cocoa Farming in Ghana Transportation Inputs Outputs a.k.a. Chocolate Processes Fermentation The cocoa pulpclasp to the beans.It then matures into a liquid which drains away and the chocolate flavour develops. After fermentation, the beans are dried, by either sunlight of special drying equipment. Drying & Bagging The beans are cracked,a stream of air seperates the shell from the nib (the small pieces used to makechocolate. Winnowing The nibs are roasted in particular ovensat temperaturesbetween105-120 degrees C. The time roasting depends on the result wanted. Roasting They are ground in stone mills, until frictionand heat reduces them to thick chocolateliquid known as 'mass'. Grinding The mass is prressed toextract cocoa butter, necessaryfor making chocolate. Pressing Investments &Subsidies Temperature 26-29*C Relief The Volta river is the largestdrainage systemin Ghana. The southwestern river drains1/5 of the total land area. TheSoutheastern are is drained by coastal rivers. 1000-1500millimeters per year Average Rainfall Ghana is typically a hot, tropical climate with high humdity. Most Coca farms are stationed inforested areas.In the middle beltof Ghana. AshantiBrong-AhafoCentralEasternWesternVolta Regions Government provides subsidies for production inputs such as fertilizers, insecticies, fungicides and other equipment. Precipitation &Drainage Rainy Season:April-July &September-November 2nd Largest Coca Exporter In the World Major the husks of cocoa pods, pulps and sweatings surrounding the cocoa beans and shells can be used also for: Soft Drinks & Alcohol: Animal Feed: Jam & Marmalade: Mulch: Cocoa Butter: Cocoa Powder: Cocoa Liquor: After being fermented and dried the can be produced into: By slicing the husk into small flakes then partially drying. Followed by mincing and pelleting. The sweating are collected, sterilized, and bottled. Then boiled, cooled, fermenteded then distilled. Pectin is taken from the sweatings with precipitationof alcohol. Followed by distillation and recycling of the alcohol for further extractions. The shells can be used as mulch and soil conditioner for gardens. From the manufacturing of chocolate. Used most commonly in creams and soaps. The same powder used in cooking And finally coca liquor is used to produce chocolate, which then can bemixed with other things. The hot climate isn't ideal for storage. They pack the beans into containers and ship them to trade partners.
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